(Y Fflint) is a town
, North Wales
, lying on the estuary
of the River Dee
. It was the county town
of the historic county
of Flintshire and today is the third largest town in Flintshire.
Geography and administration
Flint has the oldest town charter
in Wales, dating from 1284. Across the River Dee, the Wirral
can be seen from Flint and views to the south of the town include Halkyn
Flint is known for Flint Castle which Edward I of England began constructing in 1277. The castle was later where Richard II was handed over to his enemy Henry Bolingbroke in 1399. As a consequence, it is the setting for Act III, Scene III of the Shakespeare play Richard II. The castle was the first of Edward I's 'iron ring' of royal castles to be built in Wales and the design served as the basis for larger castles such as Harlech and Rhuddlan.
The town did not have a wall, but a protective earthen and wooden palisaded ditch, the outline of which remained visible in the pattern of streets until the mid 1960's, although the medieval boundary can still be traced now. A particular example of this can be seen in John Speed's map of Flintshire.
In 1969 Flint hosted the National Eisteddfod, the town consequently has its own circle of Gorsedd stones. In July 2006 the stones became centre stage in the National Eisteddfod Proclamation Ceremony which formally announced the 2007 host town of the event as Mold.
Eighteen per cent of the local population identify themselves as Welsh
, a much larger proportion (eighty-two per cent) do not (source: 2001 Census). Many people in Flint have some knowledge of the Welsh Language
, although competence does vary. English is the main spoken language to be heard across the town. There are more Polish language
speakers in Flint since the relaxation of trade and immigration laws within Europe. Many shops have English and Polish information displayed and there is a Polish Shop (Polski Sklep), specialising in Polish products.
Flint has its own low-powered television relay transmitter, designed to provide improved coverage of Welsh channels in an area that would otherwise receive only English television signals.
Flint has a local football team Flint Town United F.C.. They play in the Cymru Alliance.
The Flint accent is most often mistaken for a Liverpool accent. It is in fact a unique combination of speech patterns shared with other Welsh speakers, old Irish settlers and those found in nearby Cheshire, Wirral and Merseyside.
Brian Fell's sculpture Footplate can be seen at Flint railway station. Initially it was thought to be an imitation of the famous Monty Python foot drawn by Terry Gilliam.
David Hanson, the Labour MP for Delyn, resides in Flint.
Perhaps one of the town's most iconic images apart from the castle is the two Tower blocks of high-rise flats situated near the town centre. The first two blocks were built in the 1960s and named Bolingbroke Heights and Richard Heights.
The town has two high schools; St Richard Gwyn Catholic High School
and Flint High School. Primary schools in Flint include the Gwynedd School, Cornist Park School, Ysgol Croes Atti (Welsh Medium) and St Mary's Catholic Primary School.
Pubs and drinking
Flint is home to many pubs
, most of which have been renovated over the past decade in order for the town to appeal to the wider community. Flint's association with pubs and drinking goes back a long way; a survey issued in 1900, from the office in Mold, of the Chief Police Constable for Flintshire, listed a total of 35 licensed Public Houses and off licensed premises retailing beers
Legendary Liverpool FC striker
and former Wales football (soccer)
captain Ian Rush
attended St. Richard Gwyn Catholic High school in Flint, some of his family live in the area. Other famous footballers who are from Flint include Ron Hewitt
who starred in Wales' only Football World Cup
appearance and his nephew Andy Holden
. Other famous people connected with the town include the chemist John Thomas best known for his research into plant dyes and Thomas Totty, an Admiral who served with Lord Nelson
and inherited Cornist Hall
The actor Ian Puleston-Davies
also comes from Flint.
Tom Cruise's paternal great-great grandfather, Dylan Henry Mapother, emigrated to Louisville, Kentucky from Flint in 1850.