is a city in St. Louis County
, United States
. The population was 22,406 at the 2000 census.
Ferguson is located at (38.745650, -90.296556).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.2 square miles (16.1 km²), of which, 6.2 square miles (16.0 km²) of it is land and 0.16% is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 22,406 people, 8,612 households, and 5,838 families residing in the city. The population density
was 3,620.6 people per square mile (1,397.6/km²). There were 9,191 housing units at an average density of 1,485.2/sq mi (573.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.75% White
, 52.41% African American
, 0.11% Native American
, 0.67% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 0.38% from other races
, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.02% of the population.
There were 8,612 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,647, and the median income for a family was $39,872. Males had a median income of $35,499 versus $23,523 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,661. About 10.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
Ferguson was founded in 1894 by William B. Ferguson as a station
for the Wabash Railroad
. A bust of William B. Ferguson, sculpted by William N. Duncan now sits in the Lobby of the Ferguson City Hall. About a decade later, a streetcar line was laid down Florissant Road from what is now Suburban Avenue west to Wesley Avenue. A loop eventually was constructed there. The track down Florissant was single because the road was too narrow for two tracks; but the line otherwise was double track. It ran from a junction with the Florissant streetcar line at Kinloch. That line, the longest streetcar route in the nation, originated as the West End Narrow Gauge Railway, which in the beginning ran from the alley next to the Fox Theatre near Grand and Olive streets. When the streetcar line was ended around 1950, replaced by several bus lines, the route from Kinloch into Ferguson became Suburban Avenue. But at the Kinloch end the street never connected! Because of both the Wabash and the streetcar line (the City Limits-Ferguson), Ferguson was an easily accessible suburb, popular for shopping and for its beautiful parks and for the ice cream sold at a drug store at the streetcar loop. Ferguson was also famed, and still is, for its beautiful homes and its cozy community feeling. Ferguson High School alumni are fierce in their loyalty and many people are born, live and die in Ferguson, perfectly happy to be there.
Ferguson is home to Emerson Electric Co.
, which has more than 128,000 employees world-wide; Negwer Materials, a building supply company with about 200 employees; and St. Louis Community College
- Florissant Valley, which has about 6,000 students.
This list may include persons born in the community, past residents, and current residents.
Berkeley | Calverton Park | Cool Valley | Dellwood | Florissant | Hazelwood | Jennings | Kinloch | Normandy