Federico Angelo Cesi (February 26, 1585 Rome - August 1,1630 Acquasparta) was an Italian scientist, naturalist, and founder of the Accademia dei Lincei. On his father's death in 1630, he became briefly lord of Acquasparta.
Since it was an uncertain time to conduct scientific research — in 1578 the Inquisition had closed Giambattista della Porta's Academia Secretorum Naturae in Naples under suspicion of sorcery — the Accademia dei Lincei had rough beginnings. Cesi's own father forbade Cesi's association with the other three men, suspecting them of undermining his authority and trying to separate his son from family interests. The four "Lynxes" soon returned to their native cities and continued to communicate only by letter, adopting astronomical pen names: Cesi, perpetual president, was Celívago Cesi traveled to Naples where he met della Porta, who he seemed to have been corresponding with for some time. There he described his academy to Della Porta, who encouraged Cesi to continue with his endeavors. The academy managed to survive due to Cesi resources as a rich nobleman and his diplomatic skills in navigating the politics of Counter-Reformation Rome. Cesi managed to expand the ranks of the academy, recruiting Giambattista della Porta himself in 1610 and Galileo Galilei in 1611. Cesi's Academy published Galileo's "Istoria e dimostrazione intorno alle macchie solari" (Letters on Sunspots) in 1613, "The Assayer" in 1623, and also had a hand in defending Galileo in his controversies with establishment leaders and ecclesiastical authorities.
Cesi's own intense activity in the Academy was cut short by his sudden death in 1630 and the original Accademia dei Lincei did not survive his death. It was revived in its currently well known form in 1847 by Pope Pius IX.
Gilberto De Angelis, and Giuseppe Olmi, eds.(delta scienza moderna: Federico Cesi e I'Accademia dei Lincei)(Book review)
Dec 22, 2008; Andrea Battistini, Gilberto De Angelis, and Giuseppe Olmi, eds. All'origine delta scienza moderna: Federico Cesi e I'Accademia...
The Mexican Treasury: The Writings of Dr. Francisco Hernandez and Searching for the Secrets of Nature: The Life and Works of Dr. Francisco Hernandez. (Reviews).
Jun 22, 2002; Simon Varey, ed. The Mexican Treasury: The Writings of Dr. Francisco Hernandez Trans. Rafael Chabran, Cynthia L. Chamberlin and...