is a city in Washington County
, United States
, and is home to the University of Arkansas
. As of the 2000 census
, the city had a total population of 58,047. However, a special census completed in June 2006 showed the population to be 67,158. Along with the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers area, the metro population is estimated at 420,876. The city is the third most populous in Arkansas and serves as the county seat
of Washington County. Fayetteville, Arkansas is known as the "Track Capital of the World for being the home of the University of Arkansas' track and field program which has won 42 national championships to date. It was also ranked 8th on Forbes Magazine's Top 10 Best Places in America for Business and Careers. Kiplinger's 2008 "Best Cities to Work, Live and Play" list featured Fayetteville as #7. According to the 2007 Census, Fayetteville now has a population of 72,208
Fayetteville is located at (36.076379, -94.160912). According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 44.5 square miles
), of which, 43.4 square miles (112.5 km²) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²) of it (2.40%) is water. Fayetteville is in the Ozark Mountains
Fayetteville lies in the humid subtropical climate zone with influence from the humid continental climate type. Fayetteville experiences all four seasons and does receive cold air masses from the north, however some of the Arctic masses are blocked by the higher elevations of the Ozarks. Fayetteville's Drake field often records the coldest night temperatures in the state due to its high Ozarks valley location.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 58,047 people, 23,798 households, and 12,136 families residing in the city. The population density
was 1,336.6 people per square mile (516.1/km²). There were 25,467 housing units at an average density of 586.4/sq mi (226.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.50% White, 5.11% Black or African American, 1.26% Native American, 2.56% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.99% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. 4.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Fayetteville was the second best educated city in Arkansas (after Maumelle) in the Census, proportionately, with 44.8% of adults age 25 or older holding an associate degree or higher, and 41.2% of adults possessing a baccalaureate degree or higher. However, the city had the highest percentage of adults with masters, doctorate, or professional degrees (17.9%).
There were 23,798 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.0% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18 , 25.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,345, and the median income for a family was $45,074. Males had a median income of $30,069 versus $22,693 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,311. 19.9% of the population and 11.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 19.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Points of interest
The city is served by Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport in Highfill, Arkansas. The airport also serves Springdale, Arkansas, Bentonville, Arkansas (home to Wal-Mart), Rogers, Arkansas, and all of Northwest Arkansas.
Some of Fayetteville's highlights include the town square, where a farmer's market is held from April through November, and Dickson Street, a main street that is lined with shops and restaurants and that leads through town to the University of Arkansas. The Walton Arts Center, located on Dickson Street (and named after members of the Walton family) is a performing arts center that puts on plays, concerts and other cultural events. Fayetteville was the first home of Bill and Hillary Clinton while they both taught law at the University of Arkansas School of Law. The house where they were married and lived is now a museum highlighting his early political life and features campaign memorabilia, a replica of Hillary's wedding dress, a photo gallery, and footage from his early campaign commercials
The Fayetteville Public Library, founded in 1916, relocated in October 2004 into a $23 million dollar building, which was the first "green" building in Fayetteville. On June 3 2006, the library celebrated its 90th birthday. The Blair Library was awarded the 2005 Thomson Gale Library Journal Library of the Year award, and, as a testament to its popularity, has seen its popularity increase dramatically, with three times more items checked out in 2005 than in 1997 . The library includes a local coffeeshop, Arsaga's, and hosts several events, including film festivals, book signings, and public forums throughout the year.
Other points of interest include:
- Named one of America's Most Livable Cities in 2004 and 2005
- Designated as one of the "Best Places to Live in America" by Money Magazine
- Ranks as the number 8 "Best Metro" in Forbes' 2007 list of "Best Places For Business And Careers"
- Ranked #1 for job growth by the Milken Institute in 2003
- Listed in 50 Fabulous Places to Retire in America, 2nd edition
- Featured in "Lifestyle Magazine", "Southern Living" and "The Best Towns in America"
- Ranked number 7 in "Best Cities to Work, Play, and Live" by Kiplinger's Magazine in 2008.
Notable natives and residents
- Ronnie Brewer, Utah Jazz player
- Veronica Campbell-Brown, Jamaican Olympic multiple medalist sprinter
- Mike Conley, Sr., Olympic gold and silver medal winning triple jumper
- Mike Conley, Jr., NBA player with Memphis Grizzlies
- Alistair Ian Cragg, Irish Olympic distance runner
- John Daly, winner of two PGA major titles
- Bill Fagerbakke, award-winning actor
- J. William Fulbright, U.S. Senator
- Tyson Gay, world's top 100 and 200 meter sprinter
- Ellen Gilchrist, novelist
- Donald Harington, author
- Ronnie Hawkins, legendary rockabilly musician
- George Johnson, science writer and author
- E. Fay Jones, architect
- Matt Jones, wide receiver for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Darren McFadden, 2006 & 2007 Heisman Trophy runner-up, Oakland Raiders running back
- Tom Pagnozzi, former professional baseball catcher
- David Pryor, Arkansas governor and U.S. senator
- Mark Pryor, U.S. Senator
- Billy Ray Smith, former San Diego Chargers linebacker (1983-1992), and current radio co-host of The Scott and BR Show on XX Sports Radio
- Wallace Spearmon, professional sprinter, ranked 3rd in the world by Track and Field News in 200 meters for 2006
- Edward Durell Stone, architect
- Bud Walton, Wal-Mart co-founder
- John Edward Williams, novelist and poet
- Lucinda Williams, Grammy Award-winning songwriter and daughter of Miller Williams
- Miller Williams, poet
- Donald Roller Wilson, artist
See also: Famous Razorback athletes