The Far Eastern Republic (Дальневосто́чная Респу́блика, ДВР; romanised: Dalnevostochnaya Respublika, DVR), sometimes called the Chita Republic, was a nominally independent state established at Blagoveshchensk, covering the former Russian Far East and Siberia east of Lake Baikal on April 6, 1920. Although nominally independent, it was largely controlled by the RSFSR.
It occupied the territory of modern Zabaykalsky Krai, Amur Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, and Primorsky Krai of Russia (was: Transbaikal, Amur, and Primorsky oblasts). Before October 1920, its capital was Verkhneudinsk (now Ulan-Ude), and after that date it was Chita.
Initially the Far Eastern Republic comprised only the area around Verkhne-Udinsk, but during the Summer of 1920, the Soviet government of the Amur territory agreed to join. Ataman Grigori Semenov was evicted from his lair in Chita in October 1920, and in December 1920 the coastal provinces with the important city of Vladivostok finally joined the Far Eastern Republic as well. Japan kept the northern half of Sakhalin Island occupied until 1925, as compensation for the massacre of Japanese civilians in Nikolaevsk-on-Amur in 1920.
In 1921, a White coup in Vladivostok and environs caused that area to break away from the Far Eastern Republic, surviving behind a cordon sanitaire of Japanese troops as the Provisional Government of the Priamur. Its leaders, the Merkulov brothers, were deposed in June 1922 and replaced by one of Kolchak's generals, General Diterikhs. All to no avail, as the army of the Far Eastern Republic retook the territory of this last White enclave, ending with the fall of Vladivostok on 25 October 1922.
The reunion of the Far Eastern Republic was short-lived, as its government asked to be admitted to the RSFSR soon after. On 15 November 1922 the Far Eastern Republic was absorbed by Soviet Russia.
The Far Eastern Republic issued a number of postage stamps during its brief existence. The first stamps were issued in late 1920 for local usage only in the coastal provinces, and consisted of overprints of Imperial Russian issues, later joined by 4 stamps of an original design. Other areas continued to use locally issued stamps well into 1921, such as the Semenov surcharges in Chita, and the Blagoveshchensk issue in the Amur Oblast. The central government in Chita issued a definitive set in 1921-1922 which was widely used throughout the Russian Far East up to February 1924.
After Vladivostok and its surroundings split off from the Far Eastern Republic in May 1921, various locally overprinted stamps were issued there as well.
Several of these stamps were produced in large numbers, and are readily available today, while others are very rare. Genuine usages on cover are seldom seen for some issues, and somewhat scarce for most. Some alleged stamp issues of the Far Eastern Republic should be treated with caution, as there is no evidence they were ever postally used. These include the so-called Nikolaevsk-on-Amur issue and the 1923 Vladivostok Airmail issue. Fantasy issues also exist, such as the "Pribaikal" overprints.
Russian politics puts end to Nichiporuk's rule at Alrosa; with Russia's political and business elites so closely connected, few political appointees can be certain of a lengthy tenure at the head of state firms. The latest major victim was Alrosa's Chief Executive Alexander Nichiporuk who discovered that political considerations outweigh a business leader's competence and achievements.
Jun 01, 2007; For many people in the global diamond industry, the news of the resignation of Alrosa's Chief Executive Alexander Nichiporuk came...