FactCheck.org is a nonprofit website that describes its own goal as "[reducing] the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics." In its efforts, FactCheck says it is nonpartisan. It is a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania, and is funded primarily by the Annenberg Foundation.
Most of its content consists of rebuttals to what it considers inaccurate, misleading, or false claims by politicians. FactCheck has also targeted the misleading claims from various partisan groups.
Cheney's reference created some controversy because he incorrectly cited the web site's address as "FactCheck.com." At the time of the debate, factcheck.com was controlled by Frank Schilling's company Name Administration Inc., who quickly redirected the address to point to an anti-Bush website owned by Bush critic George Soros.
On September 22, 2008, Factcheck.org issued a report entitled "NRA Targets Obama" which discussed television spots and mailers circulated by the National Rifle Association. Factcheck.org concluded that the NRA had "distort[ed] Obama's position on gun control beyond recognition".
In response, NRA member David Kopel published an online article entitled "FactCheck flubs Obama gun fact check". Kopel offered a detailed critique of the Factcheck.org piece, concluding that "The September 22, 2008, FactCheck on the NRA criticism of Obama is marred by the omission of crucial facts, one-sided and misleading presentations of issues, and thinly-concealed political advocacy".