FC Dynamo Kyiv (ФК Динамо Київ, FK Dynamo Kyiv; Динамо Киев, Dinamo Kiev) is a professional football club from the Ukrainian capital city of Kyiv. Founded in 1927, the club currently participates in the Vyscha Liha of Ukraine and have spent their entire history in the top league of Soviet and later Ukrainian football. Dynamo Kyiv has won twelve league titles, nine Ukrainian Cups, one UEFA Super Cup and two UEFA Cup Winners' Cups. Additionally, they have also won 13 USSR Championships, 9 USSR Cups, and 3 USSR Super Cups, making Dynamo one of the most successful clubs in the history of the Soviet Top League.
Dynamo's home is the 16,900 capacity Lobanovsky Dynamo Stadium in Kiev. The club also plays in the 83,450 capacity Olimpiysky National Sports Complex in Kiev for major games such as UEFA competitions.
The club was founded in 1927 as an amateur team, part of Dinamo, a nation-wide Soviet sport society. This society later became officially funded and patronized by the NKVD (a KGB predecessor), and later by the interior ministry (MVD). In the 1950s–1980s, team players were even officially ranked as police or interior armed forces officers. However, thousands of ordinary Soviet citizens paid symbolic membership fees for the "sport society". The first recorded match Dynamo played on 17 July 1928 against another Dynamo from the Ukrainian port city of Odesa. Soon as the club gained more experience and played on a regular basis, it started to fill the stadium with spectators. The club and football popularity in general in Soviet Ukraine was on the rise.
In 1936 the first Soviet Championship was played, and Dynamo Kyiv was one of the pioneers of the newly formed league. The clubs' early successes were however limited to a 2nd place finish in 1936 and a bronze finish in 1937. In the 1941 season, the club only played 9 matches, as World War 2 interrupted league play.
The story is often told of how the Dynamo team, playing as "Start, City of Kyiv All-Stars", was executed by a firing squad in the summer of 1942 for defeating an All-Star team from the German armed forces by 5 goals to 1. The actual story, as recounted by Y. Kuznetsov, is considerably more complex. This match has subsequently become known as "The Death Match".
After the Nazi occupation of Ukraine began, several members of the Dynamo team found employment in the city's Bakery No. 3, and had continued to play amateur football. During Kiev's invasion, the collective was spotted by Germans and were invited to play against an army team. The collective would play under the name of "Start" and had comprised of eight players from Dynamo (Mykola Trusevych, Mikhail Svyridovskiy, Mykola Korotkykh, Oleksiy Klimenko, Fedir Tyutchev, Mikhail Putistin, Ivan Kuzmenko, Makar Honcharenko) and three players from Lokomotiv Kiev (Vladimir Balakin, Vasil Sukharev and Mikhail Melnyk).
In July and August 1942 "Start" played a series of matches against German and allied sides. On July 12 a German army team was defeated. A stronger army team was selected for the next match on July 17, which "Start" defeated 6-0. On July 19 "Start" defeated the Hungarian team MSG Wal by 5-1. The Hungarians proposed a return match, held on July 26, but were defeated again 3-2.
"Start"'s streak was noticed and a match was announced for August 6 against a "most powerful" "undefeated" German Luftwaffe Flakelf team, but despite the game being talked up by the newspapers, they failed to report the 5-1 result. On August 9 "Start" played a "friendly" against Flakelf and again defeated them. The team defeated Rukh 8-0 on August 16, and afterwards, some of "Start"'s players were arrested by the Gestapo, tortured – Mykola Korotkykh dying under torture – and sent to the nearby labour camp at Siretz. It is also conjectured that the players were arrested due to the intrigues of Georgy Shvetsov, founder and trainer of the "Rukh" team, as the arrests were made in a couple of days after "Start" defeated "Rukh".
In February 1943, following an attack by anti-German partisans or a conflict of the prisoners and administration, one-third of the prisoners at Siretz were killed in reprisal, including Ivan Kuzmenko, Oleksey Klymenko, and the goalkeeper Mykola Trusevich. Three of the other players, Makar Honcharenko, Fedir Tyutchev and Mikhail Sviridovskiy, who were in a work squad in the city that day, were arrested a few days later or, according to other sources, escaped and hid in the city until it was liberated.
A few weeks later, following Dynamo's first group stage match against Panathinaikos, which they won 1-0, Spanish referee Antonio López Nieto filed a complaint to UEFA that he and his linesmen had been approached by two officials from Dynamo who offered them two fur coats and an unspecified amount of money. As a result, the club was immediately expelled from the competition, with Aalborg taking its place.
Despite an appeal to the UEFA following the incident, Dynamo Kyiv was banned from UEFA competitions for the subsequent two years and club's officials Hryhoriy Surkis (general manager) and Vasyliy Babiychuk (general secretary) were banned from football for life. These decisions would later be reversed, with Dynamo resuming play in European competitions the following season and Hryhoriy Surkis continuing his work at the club.
In 1996, the club modified their logo to the one that continues to be used today. In 2007, as a part of club's 80 year anniversary two gold stars were added to the top of the crest, representing ten Ukrainian championship titles and ten USSR champion titles. Due to club's poor performance in the UEFA Champions League during the last two seasons, Dynamo's management resolved to a somewhat unexpected decision; for the first time in club's history a foreign manager was invited. Previously in Dynamo, only former players or Dynamo football academy graduates became managers, but in January 2008 Russian coach Yuri Semin was invited to become the new manager of Dynamo Kyiv. Semin's first success came shortly after in a friendly competition Channel One Cup organised in Israel over winter-break. It went on to confidently defeat both Dynamo's former top rival Spartak Moscow 3:0, and Dynamo's current top rival Shakhtar Donetsk in the final, winning the competition for the first time in its history. However, the club yielded to Shakhtar in Ukrainian Cup and Ukrainian Premier League in 2008.
Recently, in the early years of Ukrainian independence, the club changed their blue shorts for white. However blue remained one of Dynamo's colours and is still a main colour of the club's away kit.
The club is currently sponsored by Adidas and Ukrainian bank Privat Bank.
Other Notable Achievements
The club maintains its own football school for children and youths, also situated in Kyiv. Junior Dynamo teams are colloquially known as Dynamo-2 and Dynamo-3. Its reserves team (called "double", дубль in both Ukrainian and Russian) participates in the national Reserves tournament, where "doubles" of all 16 Vyscha Liga teams compete. Many notable Dynamo Kyiv players progressed through the club's youth system, among them is Andriy Shevchenko, one of the graduates of the school.
Squad is given according to the club's official website.
For recent transfers, see List of Ukrainian football transfers summer 2008.
The following managers have all won at least one trophy when in charge of Dynamo Kyiv:
|Viktor Maslov||1964-1970||5 league titles, 2 domestic cups|
|Mykhailo Fomenko||1992-1994||1 league title, 1 domestic cup|
|Yozhef Sabo||1992, 1994-1995, 1995-1996, 2004-2005, 2007||2 league titles, 2 domestic cups|
|Mykola Pavlov||1995||1 league title|
|Valery Lobanovsky||1973-1982, 1984-1990, 1997-2002||5 league titles, 3 domestic cups, 3 European cups|
|Oleksiy Mykhaylichenko||2002-2004||2 league titles, 1 domestic cup|
|Anatoly Demyanenko||2005-2007||1 league title, 2 domestic cups|
|Oleh Luzhny (acting)||2007||-|
|1978||1st||2||30||15||9||6||42||20||38||Winner||a point deducted due to limit on games drawn|
|1979||1st||3||34||21||5||8||51||26||47||1/4 finals||ECC||1/8 finals|
|1980||1st||1||34||21||9||4||63||23||51||1/2 finals||UC||1/8 finals|
|1981||1st||1||34||22||9||3||58||26||53||1/4 finals||UC||First round|
|1983||1st||7||34||14||10||10||50||34||38||1/4 finals||ECC||1/4 finals|
|1984||1st||10||34||12||13||9||46||30||34||1/8 finals||UC||First round||3 pts deducted due to excess drawn games|
|1988||1st||2||30||17||9||4||43||19||43||1/8 finals||ECC||First round|
|1991||1st||5||30||13||9||8||43||34||35||1/16 finals||CWC||1/4 finals||yielded to FC Tekstilschik Kamishin in Domestic Cup|
|1992||1st||2||18||13||4||1||31||13||30||1/4 finals||ECC||Group stage||quit Soviet Cup competition at 1/4 finals|
|1993-94||1st||1||34||23||10||1||61||21||56||1/8 finals||ECL||1st round|
|1994-95||1st||1||34||25||8||1||87||24||83||1/4 finals||ECL||Group stage|
|1995-96||1st||1||34||24||7||3||65||17||79||Winner||ECL||Group stage||Dq from ECL for bribing|
|1996-97||1st||1||30||23||4||3||69||20||73||1/8 finals||ECL||Qual round|
|1999-00||1st||1||30||27||3||0||85||18||84||Winner||ECL||2nd group stage|
|2000-01||1st||1||26||20||4||2||58||17||64||1/16 finals||ECL||1st group stage||yielded to FC Spartak Sumy in Domestic Cup|
|2001-02||1st||2||26||20||5||1||62||9||65||Runner-up||ECL||1st group stage|
|2002-03||1st||1||30||23||4||3||66||20||73||Winner||UC||3rd round||ECL - 1st group stage|
|2003-04||1st||1||30||23||4||3||68||20||73||1/2 finals||ECL||1st group stage|
|2004-05||1st||2||30||23||4||3||58||14||73||Winner||UC||Round of 32||ECL - 1st group stage|
|2005-06||1st||2||30||23||6||1||68||20||75||Winner||ECL||2nd qual round|
|2008-09||1st||1/8 finals||ECL||Group stage|