F.C. Copenhagen (Danish: F.C. København, or FCK in short) is a Danish football team located in Copenhagen. It is part of the Parken Sport & Entertainment company who, among other things, also own the professional male and female teams of FCK Handball.
FCK plays in the Danish Superliga and is one of the most successful clubs in Danish football. They have won six Danish Superliga championships, three Danish Cup trophies, and the Scandinavian tournament Royal League twice. They qualified for the 2006-07 edition of the UEFA Champions League, for the first time in club history.
F.C. Copenhagen was founded in 1992, as a superstructure between 15-time Danish football champions Kjøbenhavns Boldklub (KB) and seven-time Danish football champions Boldklubben 1903, both clubs from Copenhagen. The club plays its matches at Parken Stadium, which also serves as the venue for Denmark national football team matches. Since its founding, F.C. Copenhagen has had a fierce rivalry with Copenhagen suburb club Brøndby IF, and the so-called "New Firm" games between the two sides attract the biggest crowds in Danish football.
The club was managed by Benny Johansen, and in its first season, FCK got off to a great start. FCK made their first appearances in the European tournaments when they beat Swiss team Grasshopper Zürich 2-1 in the 1992 UEFA Intertoto Cup. FCK won the Intertoto Cup that year, and qualified for the UEFA Cup, where they were eliminated in the second round by French team AJ Auxerre. The club won the 1992-93 Superliga season one point ahead of Odense BK in second place, and two points ahead of third placed Brøndby IF. For the 1993-94 Superliga season, expectations were high for FCK. The start of the season was marked by a 0-6 loss to Italian team A.C. Milan in the 1993-94 UEFA Champions League qualification. FCK went on winter break after the first half of the Superliga season as the third placed team. In spring 1994, F.C. Copenhagen gained on leaders Silkeborg IF. In the penultimate match of the season, the two teams met at Parken. In front of a record setting attendance of 26,679 spectators, FCK won the match 4-1. They were one point ahead of Silkeborg, but as FCK lost 3-2 to Odense BK in the last game of the season, they had to settle for second place.
For the next three seasons, FCK found no success in the Superliga, but went on to win two Danish Cup trophies. FCK won the 1995 Cup final against Akademisk Boldklub with a superior 5-0 win, qualifying for European football once again, despite mediocre results in the league. Kim Brink took over as manager in 1996, but despite winning the second Cup trophy for the club, the 8th place in the 1996-97 Superliga season prompted yet another manager replacement.
In February 1997, FCK got a new management, when Flemming Østergaard entered the board of the club as vice chairman and CEO. In November 1997, FCK was introduced on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange through a successful IPO, generating DKK 75 million. The 1997-98 season marked the first season that FCK averaged more than 10,000 spectators at their home games, and the club bought their stadium Parken for DKK 138 million in June 1998. The self-appointed "best manager in Denmark" Christian Andersen took the manager seat in January 1999. After just 30 controversial days, Andersen was fired, which started a strained relationship between Andersen and Østergaard.
FCK made its then biggest imprint in the European tournaments when it faced Chelsea F.C. in the second round of the 1999 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. In the first game at Stamford Bridge, Bjarne Goldbæk gave FCK the lead 1-0, nine minutes before the end, but Chelsea managed to score in the last minute of the game. Chelsea won the second game at Parken on a goal scored the Dane Brian Laudrup. At the post-match press conference, it was announced that Brian Laudrup was signing with FCK from January 1999, with Bjarne Goldbæk signing for Chelsea. A four-time Danish Player of the Year award winner, Brian Laudrup could not help FCK improve their league position as they ended 7th in the 1998-99 Superliga season. Laudrup stayed half a year in FCK, before switching to Ajax Amsterdam at the end of the season in summer 1999. In the 1999-2000 season, still struggled, and ended 8th in the league table.
In the winter 2000 transfer window, South African striker Sibusiso Zuma was bought by FCK, and in May 2000, English manager Roy Hodgson was hired. From the 2000-01 season, things went well for FCK. They won their second Superliga championship, when FCK won 3-1 in the last New Firm match of the season, played at Parken. The 2-0 goal was a bicycle kick by Sibusiso Zuma. Zuma received the ball in chest height, bouncing the ball in the air with his chest, and in the same motion making the overhead kick. Zuma volleyed the ball into the far corner, out of reach of Brøndby keeper Mogens Krogh. This goal was one of the best ever scored in the Superliga, and was awarded as the Danish goal of the year. Hodgson broke his contract with FCK a few weeks after celebrating the championship, signing with Italian team Udinese Calcio, and he was replaced by Swedish Hans Backe.
FCK faced Italian team S.S. Lazio in the UEFA Champions League qualification, but a 2-1 win in the first game was not enough, as Lazio won 5-3 on aggregate. FCK entered the UEFA Cup, where they defeated Dutch club Ajax Amsterdam 1-0 on a goal by left back Niclas Jensen. In the next round, German team Borussia Dortmund eliminated FCK. The 2001-02 Superliga season ended in disappointment for FCK. Brøndby won the championship on goal difference, after FCK had caught up with Brøndby's 10 point lead after the first half of the season. In the penultimate round of the 2002-03 Superliga season, FCK faced Brøndby at Brøndby Stadium. In extra time, Hjalte Nørregaard scored his first goal for FCK, and brought the championship back to Parken. Under Backe, FCK went on to win the 2004 and 2006 Danish championships and the 2004 Danish Cup. F.C. Copenhagen also won the inaugural 2004-05 edition of the Royal League tournament, beating Swedish team IFK Göteborg on penalty shootout in the 2005 final. FCK repeated the achievement in the 2006 edition of the tournament, after this time beating Norwegian team Lillestrøm S.K. 1-0 in the 2006 final. Backe became the longest serving coach for FCK, before leaving the club in December 2005, vacating the manager spot for former FCK player Ståle Solbakken.
For the 2006-07 season, FCK was reinforced by Danish national team player Jesper Grønkjær. FCK looked forward to the 2006 UEFA Champions League qualifiers, where they beat Ajax Amsterdam. For the first time in the club's history, FCK entered the group stage of the Champions League, being grouped with Scottish club Celtic F.C., Portuguese club S.L. Benfica and Manchester United from England. Despite not losing a game at home in Parken (Benfica 0-0, Man Utd. 1-0 and Celtic 3-1), FCK failed to qualify from the Champions League group stage losing all away games. On May 9 FCK beat Brøndby 1-0 away winning their 5th Danish championship in seven years with four games to go in the tournament.
In the 2007-08 season FCK lost the 3rd qualification round of the Champions League with 3-1 agg. to Benfica. Beating RC Lens (France) 3-2 FCK qualified for the group stages of the UEFA Cup, where they played Panathinaikos FC (H), FC Lokomotiv Moscow (A), Atlético Madrid (H) and Aberdeen.. FCK lost to Panathinaikos and Madrid but a win against Moscow meant that they needed only a draw against Aberdeen to qualify for the next round. However a 4-0 defeat to Aberdeen put them out of the tournament.
Away in the Superliga, they play in black shirts with white collar, black shorts and black socks. White Kappa logos.
In European games, the home kit is all white. The shirt has gray collar and shoulders, and include big white Kappa logos on the shoulders. The away kit is all Maya Blue, with black collar and big white Kappa logos on the shoulders. The third kit is all orange, with black collar and big white Kappa logos on the shoulders.
All kits have either black or white printings on the back.
|Period||Kit Manufacturer||Shirt Sponsor|
F.C. Copenhagen is owner of their stadium, the national arena Parken. It was built in 1992 - the same year FCK was founded. Until Parken opened, they played their home matches at the much smaller Østerbro Stadion, which is located just next door.
In Parken there are 34,098 seats during the current rebuild. After the new D stand is built, the total capacity of Parken will be 38,000, about 4,000 seats less than the original capacity, which was more than 42,000.
For many years the lower part of the "C-stand" at Parken Stadium, Nedre C, has been the main stand for the supporters of FCK. In 2006 also a part of the lower "B-stand" (Section 12) were made fan section and named Stemningstribunen (lit. Atmosphere Stand).
Biggest victory in the Superliga
Biggest defeat in the Superliga
Biggest victory in European cups
Biggest defeat in European cups
|Season||League performance||Cup performance|
|08-09: SAS Ligaen||#2/12||20||9||6||2||1||15||5||+10||Knocked out FC Vestsjælland in the third round.|
|07-08: SAS Ligaen||#3/12||60||33||17||9||7||51||29||+22||Knocked out in the semi finals by Esbjerg fB, 2-3 agg.|
|06-07: SAS Ligaen||#1/12||76||33||23||7||3||60||23||+37||Lost the final against OB, 1-2|
|05-06: SAS Ligaen||#1/12||73||33||22||7||4||62||27||+35||Knocked out in the quarter final by Brøndby IF, 0-1 (aet)|
|04-05: SAS Ligaen||#2/12||57||33||16||9||8||53||39||+14||Knocked out in the semi finals by Brøndby IF, 2-3 agg.|
|03-04: SAS Ligaen||#1/12||68||33||20||8||5||56||27||+29||Winner, won the final against AaB, 1-0|
|02-03: SAS Ligaen||#1/12||61||33||17||10||6||51||32||+19||Knocked out in the quarter final by Brøndby IF, 0-1|
|01-02: SAS Ligaen||#2/12||69||33||20||9||4||64||25||+39||Lost the final against OB, 1-2|
|00-01: Faxe Kondi Ligaen||#1/12||63||33||17||12||4||55||27||+27||Knocked out in 5th round by Brøndby IF, 0-2|
|99-00: Faxe Kondi Ligaen||#8/12||44||33||12||8||13||44||37||+7||Knocked out in the quarter final by AB, 1-1 (4-5 on penalties)|
|98-99: Faxe Kondi Ligaen||#7/12||46||33||12||10||11||55||52||+3||Knocked out in the quarter final by AB, 0-1 (aet)|
|97-98: Faxe Kondi Ligaen||#3/12||61||33||18||7||8||66||48||+18||Lost the final against Brøndby IF, 1-4|
|96-97: Faxe Kondi Ligaen||#8/12||41||33||10||11||12||35||43||-18||Winner, won the final against Ikast fS, 2-0|
|95-96: Coca-Cola Ligaen||#7/12||48||33||13||9||11||48||49||-1||Knocked out in 5th round by AGF, 0-2|
|94-95: Superligaen||#6/8||22||14||5||4||5||21||28||-7||Winner, won the final against AB, 5-0|
|93-94: Superligaen||#2/8||29||14||8||2||4||27||19||+8||Knocked out in 5th round by B 1909, 0-3|
|92-93: Superligaen||#1/8||32||14||8||3||3||31||23||+8||Knocked out in the semi finals by OB, 1-4 agg.|