The exessive case is a grammatical case that denotes a transition away from a state. It is a rare case found in certain dialects of Baltic-Finnic languages. It completes the series of "to/in/from a state" series consisting of the translative case, the essive case and the exessive case.
The exessive is found only in Savo
and southeastern dialects; speakers from other regions do not recognise it. Its ending is -nta/ntä
. For example, tärähtäneentä terveeksi
= "from loony to healthy", or a state change from mental illness to mental health. In its locative
sense it is somewhat common and generally understood in some nonstandard forms, for example takaanta
(from behind, standard Finnish takaa
(from that/it, standard Finnish siitä
In the general pattern of the loss of a final vowel when compared to Finnish
, the Estonian
exessive ending is -nt
. For example, tagant
= from behind (something).