'‘Etihad’' (Arabic for "united", "federation" or "union") is the Arabic abbreviation for الإمارات العربية المتحدة - United Arab Emirates. It operates services to the Middle East, Europe, Indian subcontinent, North America, Far East, Africa, and Oceania. Its main base is Abu Dhabi International Airport.
In 2007, it carried more than 4.6 million passengers, compared with 340,000 in its first full year of operations in 2004. In the first six months of 2008, it carried 2.8 million passengers, 41 per cent more passengers than the same period the year before. By the end of 2008, it expects to carry more than six million passengers in total.
Etihad has launched four new destinations in 2008, starting flights from Abu Dhabi to Beijing in March and in August to Kozhikode (Calicut) and Chennai (Madras) in India and Minsk in Belarus. It also plans to fly to Moscow and the Kazakh city of Almaty in December 2008.
Etihad Airways was established as the national airline of the United Arab Emirates in July 2003 by a royal decree, issued by Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. It started with an initial paid-up capital of AED500 million. Services were launched with a ceremonial flight to Al Ain on November 5 2003, and on November 12 2003, Etihad started commercial operations with the launch of services to Beirut. In the months that followed, almost one new route was added per month. In 2007 Etihad carried more than 4.6 million passengers, compared to 2.8 million in 2006.
In the financial year 2008, Etihad carried 4.6 million passengers and 330,000 tonnes of cargo. International Air Transport Association (IATA) statistics indicate that in 2007 Etihad ranked among the top-ten airlines in the world in terms of growth since its inception in 2003.
|Year||Traffic||Passenger seat kilometres||Fleet||Average age of fleet (months)||Passenger seat factor (%)||Destinations||Revenue||Staff|
Etihad Crystal Cargo is Etihad's cargo division, operating three A300-600F cargo aircraft. It started operations in September 2004 and has since flown the first commercial cargo flight between Abu Dhabi International Airport and Frankfurt Airport.
Etihad Crystal Cargo is expected to double its turnover of AED361.50 million (US$98.5 million) in 2005 to over AED734 million (US$200 million) in 2006. Crystal handled 115,000 tonnes of cargo in 2005, about 50 per cent of the cargo uplifted from Abu Dhabi Airport. Etihad’s new facility at Abu Dhabi Airport will be equipped to handle more than 500,000 tonnes annually. New aircraft, particularly the Airbus A330-200F and Boeing 777F, will play a role in cargo expansion. Etihad has reached an agreement with World Airways to provide additional uplift.
|Moscow, Russia||5||A319 and A320||01 December 2008|
|Almaty, Kazakhstan||4||A319||02 December 2008|
|Melbourne, Australia||7 (daily)||A340-600||March 2009|
|Abuja, Nigeria||4||A330-200||March 2009|
|Lagos, Nigeria||4||A330-200||March 2009|
|Aircraft||Total||Orders||Options||Passengers||Routes||Entry into Service|
|Airbus A319-100||2||0||0||104 (20/84)||Regional||In Service|
|Airbus A320-200||6||26||5||140 (20/120)||Regional||In Service|
|Airbus A330-200||14||2||0||200 (10/26/164) |
|Medium-Long haul||In Service|
|Airbus A330-300||0||5||0||??? (?/?/?)||Medium-Long haul||2009|
|Airbus A340-300||1||0||0||265 (10/30/225)||Long haul||In Service|
|Airbus A340-500||4||0||0||240 (12/28/200)||Ultra Long haul||In Service|
|Airbus A340-600||3||4||0||286 (12/30/244)||Long haul||In Service|
|Airbus A350-1000||0||25||10||??? (?/?/?)||Long haul||2017|
|Airbus A380-800||0||10||5||??? (?/?/?)||Long haul||2012|
|Boeing 777-300ER||5||10||10||378 (28/350)||Long haul||In Service|
|Boeing 787-9||0||35||25||??? (?/?/?)||Long haul||2013|
|Airbus A300-600RF||2||44 M/T / 97,000 lbs||Medium haul||Operated by Air Atlanta Icelandic|
|Airbus A330-200F||(3 orders)||69 M/T / 152,100 lbs||Medium haul||Entry into service: 2011|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-11F||1||Medium haul||Operated by World Airways|
2 more coming from EVA Air Cargo
On July 14 2008 Etihad Airways placed one of the largest aircraft orders in commercial aviation history at the Farnborough International Airshow in the UK. The total deal for up to 205 wide-body and narrow-body planes is worth approximately US $43 billion, at list prices. It comprises 100 firm orders, 55 options and 50 purchase rights in a combination of Boeing and Airbus aircraft. The agreement with Airbus and Boeing comprises firm orders for 100 aircraft: 20 A320 aircraft. The engine type is subject to further discussions. 25 A350 aircraft, powered by Rolls Royce Trent XWB engines 10 A380 aircraft. The engine type is subject to further discussions. 35 B787 aircraft. The engine type is subject to further discussions. 10 B777-300ER aircraft, powered by GE90 engines
There are also options for five A320s, 10 A350s, five A380s, 25 B787s and 10 B777-300ERs and purchase rights for a further 10 B787s, five B777s, 15 A320s, 15 A350s and five A380s. The aircraft are scheduled for delivery between 2011 and 2020 and when delivered will give Etihad a fleet of more than 150 aircraft.
Etihad placed a further order in June 2007 with Airbus at the Paris Airshow for aircraft to be delivered between 2008 and 2011. The total value of the agreement was US $2.2 billion: four A340-600s, five A330 passenger aircraft and three A330 freighters.
Etihad made its first aircraft order at the 2004 Farnborough International Airshow. The total value of the agreement was in excess of US $7 billion and was for 4 Airbus A330-200s, 4 Airbus A340-500s, 4 Airbus A340-600s, and 4 Airbus A380s.
Etihad has three travel classes, First class or Diamond Zone, business class (Pearl Zone) and economy class (Coral Zone). Pearl Zone and Coral Zone are available on all of Etihad's aircraft, whereas Diamond Zone is only fitted on select aircraft depending on the routes served. Personal LCD screens are fitted as standard in all classes.
Etihad's passenger numbers reached more than 4 million in 2007. Etihad currently has 6,300 members of staff which includes more than 3,000 cabin crew and 600 pilots.