- This article is about the English parish and town. For other uses, see Epworth (disambiguation).
is a small town and civil parish
in the Isle of Axholme
, North Lincolnshire
. As the birthplace of John Wesley
and Charles Wesley
, it has given its name to many institutions associated with Methodism
. Their father, Samuel Wesley, was the rector
from 1695 to 1735.
Epworth lies on the A161 road
, roughly halfway between Goole
. The Isle of Axholme Joint Railway
served Epworth: it is now closed altogether. Epworth, is located in the Isle of Axholme
. The Isle is so called because until it was drained
by the Dutch engineer Sir Cornelius Vermuyden
(1627-1629), it was an inland island surrounded by rivers. A grant of the commons
to the freeholders
and other tenants, made by deed
1360 by John de Mowbray
, Lord of the Manor
, gave many privileges and freedoms which were long cherished and protected. The deed caused repercussions in the reign of Charles I of England
when Vermuyden was given the task of draining the Isle. His work was an outstanding piece of irrigation
There has been extensive drainage since that time which, together with periodic "warping" (intentional flooding to deposit silt and enrich the land), has made this an exceptionally fertile area, and Epworth shares in this productivity.
The Isle of Axholme was originally the eight parishes of Althorpe, Belton, Crowle, Epworth, Haxey, Luddington, Owston and Wroot..
The Old Rectory, a fine Queen Anne style building, rebuilt after the famous fire of 1709, has been completely restored and is now the property of the World Methodist Council. It is maintained as a museum.
Epworth's parish church is dedicated to Saint Andrew, located on a hill overlooking the town. Its architecture suggests that its oldest part may have been built in the late 12th century with later additions in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is probable that a church stood on the site earlier than that.
An example of the Dutch influence on local architecture can be seen in the building now used as the Post Office, situated in the High Street.Epworth Show
The Epworth Show has been part of Epworth's Calendar for over 60 years. The Show takes place on August Bank Holiday Monday, but the Show Committee organise Four Saddle Club events between May and September as well as a Beer Festival over the August Bank Holiday weekend.Festival of the plough
Epworth has hosted the Epworth Festival of the Plough agricultural fare in recent years.