Elizabeth Craven (née Lady Elizabeth Berkeley) (17 December 1750 - 13 January 1828), Princess Berkeley (though styled Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach), and previously Lady Craven of Hamstead Marshall, was an author, playwright, traveller, and socialite, perhaps best known for her travelogues. She was the third child of the 4th Earl of Berkeley, born near Trafalgar Square in the English city of Westminster
For a number of years she was in a relationship with Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Bayreuth. His wife since 1754, Princess Friederike of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, died in Germany on 18 February 1791, and Lady Craven's husband died in Lausanne on 26 September 1791. The couple married in Lisbon on 30 October 1791. They settled in England and while the Margravine was snubbed by ladies mindful of their reputations, as well as by her latest husband's cousin, George III himself, the couple lived a busy and opulent life in Hammersmith, London and Benham Park at Speen in Berkshire.
Nonetheless, Elizabeth was never legally entitled to share her husband's German rank and title: On 20 February 1801, she was granted the morganatic title of "Princess (Fürstin) Berkeley" by the last Holy Roman Emperor Francis II. In fact, Christian Frederick, being the last of his cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern, and childless, had exchanged his hereditary birthright to the appanages of Ansbach and Bayreuth for an annuity of 300,000 guilders from his pater familias, King Frederick William II of Prussia, a month after his second marriage. In England, however, the couple were usually known as the "Margrave and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach".
After the Margrave's death at Benham Park in 1806, his widow moved back to the Continent, to Naples, where she died at Craven Villa on the Pausilippe, and was buried in 1828. Her links with the Hammersmith area are commemorated in the name of two roads in the area - Margravine Gardens and Margravine Road.
Katherine Turner. British Travel Writers in Europe 1750-1800: Authorship, Gender and National Identity.(Book Review)
Jun 22, 2003; (Studies in European Cultural Transition, Vol. 10.) Burlington, VT: Ashgate. 2001. Pp. vii 276. $79.95. ISBN 0-7546-0242-7....