|Educação Infantil (Brazil Grade)||Ages||Correspondent in the U.S|
|Ensino Fundamental (Brazil Grade)||Ages||Correspondent in the U.S|
|1º ano (Primeiro Ano)||6–7||first grade|
|2º ano (Segundo Ano)||7–8||second grade|
|3º ano (Terceiro Ano)||8–9||third grade|
|4º ano (Quarto Ano)||9–10||fourth grade|
|5º ano (Quinto Ano)||10–11||fifth grade|
|6º ano (Sexto Ano)||11–12||sixth grade|
|7º ano (Sétimo Ano)||12–13||seventh grade|
|8º ano (Oitavo Ano)||13–14||eighth grade|
|9º ano (Nono Ano)||14–15||ninth grade|
|Ensino Médio (Brazil Grade)||Ages||Correspondent in the U.S|
|1º ano (Primeiro Ano)||15–16||tenth grade|
|2º ano (Segundo Ano)||16–17||eleventh grade|
|3º ano (Terceiro Ano)||17–18||twelfth grade|
There are plans to change the system to 12 years of compulsory education at school (that is, removal of Form 7) followed by four years at university, mimicking the United States.
In Hong Kong, international schools follow the system of the country they are based upon, for example the English Schools Foundation uses the UK year system, and French International Schools use the French collège, école, lycée system. Also, the English term Form followed by the English number is common usage even in otherwise Cantonese conversations.
After this, students attend collège, from the ages of eleven to fifteen. The classes are numbered in descending order.
The final part of French secondary education takes place at the lycée. Education is only compulsory to the age of 14 or 16 le lycée covers three years, and concludes in the French Baccalaureat. These are:
It is possible in France to fail a year, and need to resit (redoubler).
After Sixth Class, students move to secondary school, entering;
In some schools, Transition Year is compulsory, in others it is optional, and in others is not available.
Malaysian primary school consists of six years of education, referred to as Standard 1 to Standard 6. Standards 1 – 3 are classified as Level One (Tahap Satu in Malay) while Standards 4 – 6 make up Level Two (Tahap Dua). Primary schooling usually begins at the age of 7 and ends at 12. Students take their first national examination, the UPSR, towards the end of the Standard 6 school year. Performance in the UPSR has no effect on their resuming schooling; all students continue with their secondary education after leaving primary school.
Secondary schooling usually begins at age 13. Secondary schools offer education for a total of five years, starting with Form 1 and finishing at Form 5. Forms 1 – 3 are grouped together into the "Lower Form" and Forms 4 & 5 are considered the "Upper Form". Students in Form 3 will have to sit for their second national exam, the PMR. They are then streamed into sciences or humanities classes for the Upper Form according to their performance in this exam. At age 17 students in Form 5 sit for the final level of national examinations, the SPM (Malaysian Certificate of Education). Achieving a passing grade in the Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language) portion of the exams is compulsory; failure results in an automatic failing grade for all subjects taken in the examination and the student is held back to repeat Form 5. Completion of the examination signifies that the student has completed formal education in Malaysia; an SPM certificate remains the base requirement to secure most jobs in Malaysia.
After the SPM, students have a choice of either continuing with Form 6 (which comprises 2 years, Lower and Upper Six) or entering matriculation (pre-university programs). If they opt for Form 6, they will be required to take the STPM examination. Although generally taken by those desiring to attend public universities in Malaysia, an STPM certification is internationally recognized and may also be used, though rarely required, to enter private local universities for undergraduate courses.
In Norway children start school at the age of six; before that kindergarten is voluntary. This school is called "barneskole" (childrenschool):
The second school is "ungdomsskole" (youth-school). At this level the students are rated with grades in each subject, in addition to behavior and orderliness:
The last school before higher education is called "videregående skole" (ongoing school) and is voluntary, though most choose to attend. At this level students decide among separate career-related schools. The most popular such school is designed to prepare one for further education, while others prepare students for vocations such as mechanics, electricians, cooks and so on. Educational stages in these schools begin again at "one" and are named Vg1, Vg2, Vg3 and Vg4. Some of the more practical schools last only two years, and some students may choose to attend an extra year to study higher education. The typical duration is three years, though some schools offer a four-year program to enable students to engage in more athletics or gather real work experience.
While it is not compulsory to remain in school after graduating from secondary school, most go on to receive their tertiary education at a junior college, a polytechnic, or an institute of technical education (ITE) before moving on to university.
Children begin school either in the school year or school term in which they reach their fifth birthday. Primary schools educate children from Reception through to Year 6, and may be subdivided into infant and junior schools. Alternatively, children may attend private prep schools.
Secondary education is compulsory to the age of 16. Schools have various possible names, such as grammar, comprehensive and secondary schools, which may or may not indicate selective admission or tuition fees (see main article). Sixth Form education is not compulsory at present, and not all secondary schools have a sixth form. There are also Sixth form colleges just for Year 12 and 13 students.
Some secondary schools still use the 'form' system, with Year 7 being First Form (or "first year"), Year 8 being Second Form, et cetera, up until Years 12 and 13, which together make up the Sixth Form (namely lower and upper sixth form). Some independent schools use other naming systems.
In some areas in England, a three-tier system of education is used, in which students pass through three stages: First school/Lower school (Reception to Year 3/4), Middle school (Year 4/5 to Year 7/8) and finally High or Upper School (Year 8/9–Year 13).
|Reception||3–5||Infant or Primary||Foundation|
|Year One||5–6||Key Stage 1|
|Year Three||7–8||Junior or Primary||Key Stage 2|
|Year Seven||11–12||Secondary||Key Stage 3|
|Year Ten||14–15||Key Stage 4|
|Year Twelve||16–17||Secondary or Sixth form college||Key Stage 5|
As with England and Wales, education is divided into primary and secondary (or post-primary) sectors, with a division at age 11. The label Key Stage is also used, although with slightly different meanings to those seen in England. As of 2007 the province has a wholly selective system at the post-primary level, with all Year 7 pupils taking the Eleven plus tests. This system will end with the new intake in 2009, with new arrangements as yet to be confirmed.
|Year One||4–5||Primary||Foundation Stage|
|Year Three||6–7||Key Stage 1|
|Year Five||8–9||Key Stage 2|
|Year Eight||11–12||Secondary||Key Stage 3|
|Year Eleven||14–15||Key Stage 4|
In Canada and the United States the grades traditionally begin at 1 and run to 12 (or 11 in some areas); they are referred to by ordinal number (e.g. "third grade"). An additional preceding level called Kindergarten is now standard in most areas, and a further preceding level called Preschool or Nursery school is not uncommon. In the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, as well as some parts of the state of Wisconsin, kindergarten is split further into junior and senior kindergarten.
At the secondary school level, grades 9–12 (Senior 1–4 in Canada) are also known as freshman (or "first-year"), sophomore, junior, and senior, especially in the United States. At the post-secondary level (college or university), these terms are used almost exclusively to refer to what would otherwise be grades 13–16, also mainly in the United States. However, at the post-secondary level in Canada, freshman is often called first-year, sophomore as second-year, and so on.
Elementary school: (sometimes includes 5th or 6th grade, and sometimes goes up to 8th grade)
|U.S. Grade||Ages||Canadian Grade|
|first grade||6–7||first grade|
|second grade||7–8||second grade|
|third grade||8–9||third grade|
|fourth grade||9–10||fourth grade|
|fifth grade||10–11||fifth grade|
|U.S. Grade||Ages||Canadian Grade|
|sixth grade||11–12||sixth grade|
|seventh grade||12–13||seventh grade|
|eighth grade||13–14||eighth grade|
|U.S. Grade||Ages||Canadian Grade|
|ninth grade, freshman||14–15||Senior 1|
|tenth grade, sophomore||15–16||Senior 2|
|eleventh grade, junior||16–17||Senior 3|
|twelfth grade, senior||17–18||Senior 4|
Children typically start school at age five or six. Also, some areas use junior high school, typically grades 7–8 or 9, instead of middle school. The grade configurations vary from school to school and district to district in the USA and Canada. The most common grade configuaration in the USA currently is K-5, 6-8 and 9-12 but many other configurations exist.
Educational stages and interactive learning; from kindergarten to workplace training.(Brief article)(Book review)
May 03, 2012; 9781466601376 Educational stages and interactive learning; from kindergarten to workplace training. Ed. by Jiyou Jia. Information...