Eden

Eden

[eed-n]
Eden, in the Bible. 1 Son of Joah. 2 Priest. Perhaps this is the same as 1. 3 See Eden, Garden of. 4 Unidentified trading center, possibly in Mesopotamia. 5 Place somewhere near Damascus.
Eden, Anthony, 1st earl of Avon, 1897-1977, British statesman. After service in World War I he attended Oxford and entered (1923) Parliament as a Conservative. He soon made his mark as a champion of peace, internationalism, and the League of Nations and was made lord privy seal (1934-35) and "traveling ambassador." He served (1935) as British minister for League affairs and became foreign minister in 1935. He resigned in Feb., 1938, because of his opposition to Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement of the Axis powers, but at the beginning (1939) of World War II he was called back to the cabinet as secretary of state for dominion affairs. After Winston Churchill became (May, 1940) prime minister, Eden was briefly secretary of war before returning to the foreign office in Dec., 1940. He was instrumental in concluding the wartime Anglo-Soviet Alliance and in establishing the United Nations. He remained in Parliament under the Labour government of 1945-51, and with the Conservative victory of 1951 he returned once more to the foreign office. As chairman of the 1954 Geneva Conference, he helped to negotiate a temporary settlement of the conflict in Indochina. He was knighted in 1954 and became prime minister upon Churchill's resignation in 1955. Eden's decision to use armed intervention in the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 provoked great controversy. His health collapsed, and he resigned in Jan., 1957. He was raised to the peerage as earl of Avon in 1961.

See his three volumes of memoirs, Full Circle (1960), Facing the Dictators, 1923-1938 (1962), and The Reckoning (1965); study by G. McDermott (1969); biographies by R. R. James (1986) and D. Carlton (1981).

Eden, Emily, 1797-1869, English novelist. She went with her brother George, Lord Auckland, to India when he was governor-general (1836-42). Her two novels, The Semi-detached House (1859) and The Semi-attached Couple (1860; with biographical introduction by Anthony Eden, 1947), give witty pictures of life in the early 19th cent.

See her letters (ed. by V. Dickinson, 1919).

Eden, name of several rivers in England and Scotland. The principal one rises in Cumbria, N England, and flows 65 mi (105 km) NW past Carlisle, into Solway Firth. The Vale of Eden is a rich farming region.
Eden, Garden of, in the Bible, first home to humankind. In it were the trees of life and of the knowledge of good and evil. Having eaten the forbidden fruit of the latter tree, Adam and Eve were banished from the garden and God's presence. Eden, often called Paradise, is symbolic of eschatological fertility and bounty. It is also mentioned in the Qur'an.
Eden may refer to:

People

Art and entertainment

Film and television

Games

Literature

Music

Computing

Places

Geographic landforms

Municipalities and communities

In Australia:

*Electoral district of Eden

In England:

In South Africa:

In Sweden:

In the United States:

Institutions or landmarks

  • Camp Eden, a Danish military base near al-Qurnah, Iraq closed in 2004
  • Eden House, a detention unit for mentally challenged children established in 1982 within the boundaries of the Child and Parent Resource Institute in London, Ontario, Canada
  • Eden Project, an environmental project in Cornwall, England
  • Eden Theological Seminary, a seminary of the United Church of Christ
  • Edens Expressway, an expressway north of Chicago, Illinois
  • Stadion Eden, Slavia Prague's football stadium

Other uses

See also

  • EDUN, an Irish fashion company started by Bono, Ali Hewson, and Rogan Gregory

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