The EMD G16 is a diesel locomotive built by General Motors and used on the Yugoslav Railways (and subsequently on the successor Croatian Railways, Slovenian Railways, Serbian Railways, Macedonian Railways, Railways of Republika Srpska and Railways of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation), Hong Kong, Brazil (The Vitória a Minas Railroad) and Israel Railways.
In Brazil, there are 41 locomotives imported. The first eleven locomotives introduced in 1962 and numbered 601-612, and the last thirty locomotives were imported between 1964 and 1966. Thirty-seven locomotives still operating trains of The Vitória a Minas Railroad (EFVM).
In the future, the locomotives will be retired in the 2010's.
The EMD G16 (JŽ series 661) was one of the most used diesel locomotives in Yugoslavia. The type was (and still is) colloquially nicknamed "Kenedi" after the US president John F. Kennedy. After the breakup in 1991, the locomotives were passed on to successor states: