Dunbar

Dunbar

[duhn-bahr for 1; duhn-bahr for 2, 3]
Dunbar, Paul Laurence, 1872-1906, American poet and novelist, b. Dayton, Ohio. The son of former slaves, he won recognition with his Lyrics of Lowly Life (1896)—a collection of poems from his Oak and Ivy (1893) and Majors and Minors (1895). His humorous poems employing African-American folk materials and dialect were especially popular with the public, but Dunbar viewed them as a means of getting his other works published and came to despise them. Dunbar's other works include four novels, the best known of which is The Sport of the Gods (1902); four collections of short stories, notably Folks from Dixie (1898), in which he portrayed the lives of Southern blacks; and numerous song lyrics.

See his Complete Poems (1913); biographies by B. Brawley (1936, repr. 1967) and A. Gayle (1971); study by J. Martin, ed. (1974); E. Alexander, ed., Lyrics of Sunshine and Shadow: The Tragic Courtship and Marriage of Paul Laurence Dunbar and Alice Ruth Moore (2002).

Dunbar, William, c.1460-c.1520, Scottish poet. After attending the Univ. of St. Andrews he was attached for some time to the Franciscans, probably as a novice. By 1491 he seems to have been connected with the court of James IV as a poet and minor diplomat. Writing in the traditions of Chaucer and the medieval Scottish poets, Dunbar is notable for the liveliness of his verse, his virtuosity in metrical form, his variety of mood, and his caustic satire. Most of his best poetry seems to have appeared between 1503 and 1508. "The Thistle and the Rose," celebrating the marriage of James IV and Margaret Tudor, and "The Golden Targe" are richly decorative allegories. "The Dance of the Seven Deadly Sins" combines mordant humor and the grotesque. "The Two Married Women and the Widow" is extravagantly ribald, while "The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie" shows his gift for satiric invective. Other poems, such as "Of the Nativity of Christ," express genuine religious feeling. One of his best-known poems is the gloomy "Lament for the Makers" with its refrain "Timor mortis conturbat me" [the fear of death throws me into confusion].

See edition of his poems by W. M. Mackenzie (1960); biography by J. W. Baxter (1952); studies by T. Scott (1966) and R. Taylor (1931, repr. 1971).

Dunbar, William, 1749-1810, American scientist in the old Southwest, b. near Elgin, Scotland. He came to America in 1771. Commissioned by President Jefferson to investigate the Ouachita and Red River areas, he wrote the first scientific account of the mineral wells at Hot Springs, Ark. Dunbar set up his own private astronomical observatory with instruments imported from Europe; took the first meteorological observations in the Southwest; studied the rise and fall of the Mississippi and explored its delta; and published his findings on these subjects and on the plants, animals, and Native Americans of the region in the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society.
Dunbar, town (1991 pop. 6,015), East Lothian, SE Scotland, on the North Sea. It is a fishing center and seaside resort. Dunbar Castle was held by "Black Agnes," countess of Dunbar, against a six-week siege by the English in 1338. Mary Queen of Scots was abducted to the castle by the earl of Bothwell and stayed there the night before her defeat at Carberry Hill (1567). The 1st earl of Murray razed the castle in 1568. Oliver Cromwell defeated the Scots at Dunbar in 1650.

(born 1460/65, Scotland—died before 1530) Scottish poet. He was attached to the court of James IV. Of the more than 100 poems attributed to him, most are short occasional pieces, ranging from gross satire to hymns of religious exaltation. The longer works include the charming dream allegory “The Goldyn Targe,” the nuptial song “The Thrissill and the Rois,” and “The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie,” a virtuoso piece of personal abuse directed at a rival. Dunbar was the dominant makar (courtly poet) in the golden age of Scottish poetry.

Learn more about Dunbar, William with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Paul Laurence Dunbar, 1906.

(born June 27, 1872, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.—died Feb. 9, 1906, Dayton) U.S. author. The son of former slaves, Dunbar became the first African American writer to try to live by his writings and one of the first to attain national prominence. He wrote for a largely white readership, using black dialect and depicting the pre-Civil War South in pastoral, idyllic tones. His verse collections include Oak and Ivy (1893), Majors and Minors (1895), and Lyrics of Lowly Life (1896). His poems reached a wide readership, and he gave readings in the U.S. and England. He also published four short-story collections and four novels, including The Sport of the Gods (1902).

Learn more about Dunbar, Paul Laurence with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born 1460/65, Scotland—died before 1530) Scottish poet. He was attached to the court of James IV. Of the more than 100 poems attributed to him, most are short occasional pieces, ranging from gross satire to hymns of religious exaltation. The longer works include the charming dream allegory “The Goldyn Targe,” the nuptial song “The Thrissill and the Rois,” and “The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie,” a virtuoso piece of personal abuse directed at a rival. Dunbar was the dominant makar (courtly poet) in the golden age of Scottish poetry.

Learn more about Dunbar, William with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Paul Laurence Dunbar, 1906.

(born June 27, 1872, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.—died Feb. 9, 1906, Dayton) U.S. author. The son of former slaves, Dunbar became the first African American writer to try to live by his writings and one of the first to attain national prominence. He wrote for a largely white readership, using black dialect and depicting the pre-Civil War South in pastoral, idyllic tones. His verse collections include Oak and Ivy (1893), Majors and Minors (1895), and Lyrics of Lowly Life (1896). His poems reached a wide readership, and he gave readings in the U.S. and England. He also published four short-story collections and four novels, including The Sport of the Gods (1902).

Learn more about Dunbar, Paul Laurence with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(This article is about Dunbar, Nebraska. See also Dunbar (disambiguation))

Dunbar is a village in Otoe County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 237 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Dunbar is located at (40.667826, -96.029697).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 237 people, 79 households, and 63 families residing in the village. The population density was 957.4 people per square mile (366.0/km²). There were 81 housing units at an average density of 327.2/sq mi (125.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.05% White, 0.42% Native American, and 2.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.

There were 79 households out of which 43.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.9% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the village the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 102.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $48,036, and the median income for a family was $50,417. Males had a median income of $31,563 versus $26,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,495. About 16.4% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 21.1% of those sixty five or over.

Notable natives

References

External links

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