The drawer test
is a test used by providers to detect rupture of the cruciate ligaments
in the knee
. The patient should be supine
with the hips flexed to 45 degrees, the knees flexed to 90 degrees and the feet flat on table. The examiner sits on the patient's feet and grasps the patient's tibia
and pulls it forward (anterior drawer test
) or backward (posterior drawer test). If the tibia pulls forward or backward more than normal, the test is considered positive. The Lachman test
is a variation on this test in which the knee is in thirty degrees flexion.