Doab

Doab

Doab, term applied in India to a tract of land between two converging rivers. The Doab, unqualified by the names of any rivers, designates the tract in Uttar Pradesh state between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, extending from the Shiwalik Range to the rivers' confluence at Allahabad. This well-irrigated region is the greatest wheat growing area of the state.
A Doab (Persian, Urdu: , "two" + āb, "water" or "river") is a term used in India and Pakistan for a "tongue" or tract of land lying between two confluent rivers.

The Doab, Uttar Pradesh, India

The Doab, unqualified by the names of any rivers, designates the flat alluvial tract between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in western and southwestern Uttar Pradesh state in India, extending from the Shiwalik range to the two rivers' confluence at Allahabad.

The Doab has an area of about 23,360 square miles (60,500 square km); it is approximately in length and in width.

The Doab figures prominently in history and myths of Vedic period; the epic Mahabharata, for example, is set in the Doab, around the city of Hastinapur.

The following districts form part of the Doab:Upper Doab: Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Delhi, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar, BulandshaharCentral of Middle Doab: Mathura, Aligarh, Etah, Agra, Mainpuri, Etawah, Farrukhabad, Kanpur, Lower Doab: Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad.

The Punjab Doabs, Pakistan, India

Each of the tracts of land lying between the confluent rivers of the Punjab region of Pakistan and India (the Indus basin) has a distinct name, said to have been coined by Raja Todar Mal, a minister of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The names (except for 'Sindh Sagar') are a combination of the first letters, in the Persian alphabet, of the names of the rivers that bound the Doab. For example, Jech = 'Je'(Jhelum) + 'Ch'(Chenab). The names are (from west to east):

In addition, the tract of land lying between the Sutlej and the Yamuna river is sometimes called the Delhi doab, although, strictly speaking, it is not a doab, since its two bounding rivers, the Yamuna and Sutlej, are not confluent.

Raichur Doab, Southern India

The Raichur Doab is the triangular region of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states which lies between the Krishna River and its tributary the Tungabhadra River, named for the town of Raichur.

References

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