Digambar (दिगंबर) (sky-clad in Sanskrit) (alternate orthographies: Digambara), has many different meaning and associations throughout Indian religions. Many representations of deities within these traditions are depicted as sky-clad. Certain traditions and lineages also practice Digambar as a lifelong vow as evidenced by numerous sadhus throughout India.
Until the leadership of Acharya Bhadrabahu, there was no significant division. After that some divisions gradually arose. Generally Digambar monks wear no clothes (dig ambar = sky clad) whereas Svetambar (svet ambar = white clad) monks usually wear white clothes.
Although Senior Digambar monks wear no clothes, following the practice of Lord Mahavira, they do not consider themselves to be nude. Rather, they are wearing the environment, that is the quintessential, akasha or space. Digambaras believe that this practice represents a refusal to give in to the demands of the body for comfort and private property. Only Digambara ascetics are required to forsake clothing and not the laity. Digambara ascetics have only two possessions: a peacock feather broom and a water gourd. Conversely, Svetambara monks usually wear white maintaining that nudism is no longer practicable. While there are some differences in some practices, the main principles of each sect such as Mahavratas, Anuvratas and so forth are the same.
Digambara also has different communities under it such as Saitwal, Lad, Khandelwal, Bagherwal, Aggarwal etc. Chatutath, Pancham, Bogar, Kasar, Saitwal is a well-known and well-organized caste of Marathi-speaking Jain communities. They are high in number. Saitwals are spread all over Maharashtra, South Madhya Pradesh and North Karnatak. Chatutath, Pancham, Bogar, Kasar communities of digambar Jains reside in Maharastra and Karnataka.
The traditional occupation of Saitwals is tailoring. This is a well-educated community and it has given many writers and scholars to the Jain community. They are progressive and social-minded. Most of their surnames are based on their original villages.
Parwars mainly come from Bundelkhand (MP/UP). They are one of the most learned amongst Jains. Most Pandits and Scholars of tirthakshetras are Parwars.
In around 10th century Digambar tradition was divided into two main orders.
Acharya Shantisagar, the first Acharya of the 20th century, belonged to the tradition of Sena gana. Practically all the Digambara monks today, belong to the tradition of Acharya Shantisagar directly or indirectly.
Jain Temple at Panvel Node Soon: After Waiting for Eight Years, the Jains Are Excited about the Digambar Jain Mandir
Jan 03, 2013; Jains across the satellite city will now have a reason to rejoice. After Vashi and Airoli, the Panvel node will now have a...