Dialectologists are ultimately concerned with grammatical features which correspond to regional areas. Thus they are usually dealing with populations living in their areas for generations without moving, but also with immigrant groups bringing their languages to new settlements.
William Labov is one of the most prominent researchers in this field.
In the 1950s, the University of Leeds undertook the Survey of English Dialects, which focused mostly on rural speech in England and those areas of Wales that had always spoken English.
This shift in interest consequently saw the birth of Sociolinguistics, which is a mixture of dialectology and social sciences.
Researchers using direct questionnaires will present the subject with a set of questions that demand a specific answer and are designed to gather either lexical or phonological information. For example, the linguist may ask the subject the name for various items, or ask him or her to repeat certain words.
Indirect questionnaires are typically more open-ended and take longer to complete than direct questionnaires. Researchers using this method will sit down with a subject and begins a conversation on a specific topic. For example, he may question the subject about farm work, food and cooking, or some other subject, and gather lexical and phonological information from the information provided by the subject. The researcher may also begin a sentence, but allow the subject to finish it for him, or ask a question that does not demand a specific answer, such as “What are the most common plants and trees around here?”
Selected writings = Ausgewahlte Schriften; English linguistic and cultural history-English dialectology = Englische sprach-und-kulturgeschichter-Englische dialektologie.(Brief Article)(Book Review)
Feb 01, 2007; 0820473464 Selected writings = Ausgewahlte Schriften; English linguistic and cultural history-English Dialectology =...