was the third son of Pandu
, who was begotten by Indra
. One of his most important roles was as the dear friend and brother-in-law of Lord Krishna
, from whom he heard the Bhagavad Gita
. Arjuna is known by several other names. A few of them are:
- Dhananjaya (धनन्जय) (Winner of wealth)
- Vijaya (Always victorious)
- Swetavahana (He whose chariot is drawn by white horses)
- Phalguna (Born under the auspicious star of the same name)
- Kiriti (He who wears the diadem)
- Bhibatsu (Terrifying to behold in battle)
- Savyasachi (The ambidextrous one)()
- Jishnu (Unconquerable)
- Krishna (Dark-complexioned)
- Mahabahu (He whose arms are mighty)
- Pandava (Son of Pandu)
- Kaunteya (Son of Kunti)
- He is said to be an incarnation of the primordial sage Nara.
- In sanskrit is means fire
- There is a Jataka reference to king Dhananjaya introduced as a prince from the race of Yudhishtira.
- An epithet of Agni (fire) worshiped as a God by the Hindus & described in the Sanskrit Vedic literature as a very important deity.
- A renowned Sanskrit scholar of 10th century A.D. He was a courtier of king Munja (Vakpati Raja 2nd) of the Parmar dynasty of Malawa in India. He wrote an important treatise on Sanskrit dramaturgy entitled Dasharupakam.
- Diadem: A crown worn as a sign of royalty. Royal power or dignity
- Also a descendant of sage Viswamitra and a Gotra.