), sometimes called epigenetic robotics
, is a methodology that uses metaphors from developmental psychology
to develop controllers
for autonomous robots
. The focus is on a single robot going through stages of autonomous mental development
. Researchers in this field study artificial emotions, self-motivation, and other methods of self-organization.
DevRob is related to, but differs from, evolutionary robotics (ER). ER uses populations of robots that evolve over time, whereas DevRob is interested in how the organization of a single robot's control system develops through experience, over time.
DevRob is also related to work done in the domains of Robotics, Artificial Life.
Similar to developmental robotics, Epigenetic robotics is an interdisciplinary research area with the goal of understanding biological systems by the integration between neuroscience, developmental psychology and engineering sciences. Epigenetic systems are characterized by a prolonged developmental process through which varied and complex cognitive and perceptual structures emerge as a result of the interaction of an embodied system with a physical and social environment. An additional goal is to enable robots to autonomously develop skills for any particular environment instead of programming them for a specific environment.
DevRob was first proposed with Weng et al.s Autonomous mental development by robots and animals. Science 291:599 600.
The first undergraduate courses in DevRob were offered at Bryn Mawr College and Swarthmore College in the Spring of 2003 by Douglas Blank and Lisa Meeden, respectively.
The first graduate course in DevRob was offered at Iowa State University by Alexander Stoytchev in the Fall of 2005.
Links and further Information
Academic institutions and researchers in the field
- FeelixGrowing Project: A European-funded project to study socio-emotional development in robots, humans, and non-human primates. See also its Wikipedia entry
- Michigan State University -- Embodied Intelligence Lab: http://www.cse.msu.edu/ei
- Sony Computer Science Laboratory, Paris, France: http://www.csl.sony.fr/Research/Topics/DevelopmentalRobotics/
- INRIA FLOWERS team, France: Exploration, interaction and learning in developmental robotics
- University of Tokyo -- Intelligent Systems and Informatics Lab: http://www.isi.imi.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
- Cognitive Robotics Lab of Juergen Schmidhuber at IDSIA and Technical University of Munich
- LIRA-Lab, University of Genova, Italy: http://www.liralab.it
- The University of Texas at Austin, UTCS Intelligent Robotics Lab: http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/qr/robotics/bootstrap-learning.html
- RobotCub Project: A 5 years European founded project to study cognition with a robot like a two years old child
- Bryn Mawr College's Developmental Robotics Project: research projects by faculty and students at Swarthmore and Bryn Mawr Colleges, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- Jean Project: Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern California
- Cognitive Robotics (including Hide and Seek) at the Naval Research Laboratory
- Epigentic Robotics: http://www.epigenetic-robotics.org/
- Developmental Robotics: http://cs.brynmawr.edu/DevRob05/
Blogs and Other Links
- Developing Intelligence: http://develintel.blogspot.com
- Developmental Robotics: http://developmentalrobotics.org : general information about developmental robotics