Democratic Left Party (Turkey)

The Democratic Left Party (Turkish: Demokratik Sol Parti, DSP) is a Turkish political party.



The DSP, a social democratic oriented party, was registered on November 14, 1985 by Rahşan Ecevit, wife of Bülent Ecevit, as he was banned from political life after the 1980 coup d'état.

In 1986 Bülent Ecevit addressed the DSP convention in Ankara, declaring his support for the party. The address landed him in court for allegedly violating the political bans. The DSP was unable, however, to achieve a substantial showing in the 1986 by-elections even though Ecevit, despite his ban, continued to campaign at the party's rallies as a "guest speaker".

The political ban on Ecevit was lifted following a referendum in 1987. Later that year, Rahşan Ecevit handed over the rule of the party to her spouse. But the party failed to pass the 10% national threshold needed for a political party to have a seat in Parliament in the 1987 elections, prompting the Ecevits to step down from their positions in the party.

In 1988, Necdet Karababa was elected as the new party leader. However, the next year, Ecevit was reelected as party chairman in the party convention. Two years later in 1991, the DSP received 10.75% of the votes in the elections allowing the party to have 7 seats in the Parliament. This also meant the return of Ecevit to the Parliament after 11 years.

It was a minor party until it won 76 parliamentary seats in the December 1995 elections. Again in 1995, the party started to suffer from inner conflicts after years of serenity. The inner conflicts in the party ended with the dismissal of Erdal Kesebir, MP for Edirne and three other DSP members.

In 1997, the DSP became a partner of a three-way coalition government led by Mesut Yılmaz who at the time was the leader of the Motherland Party. Ecevit became the deputy prime minister.

In 1998, the 55th government of Turkey was toppled by a censure motion. Ecevit received the mandate to form a new government. He founded a minority government of DSP in 1999 to carry the country to general elections.


Boosted by the capture of the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party militant organization, Abdullah Öcalan, during his premiership, DSP won 22,19% of the votes in the elections of April in 1999 and took 136 of the 550 seats in the Turkish Parliament becoming a major party. It's leader Bülent Ecevit became then for the fifth time Prime Minister of Turkey.

Tension, economic crisis and conflicts both in the government and inside the DSP reached a peak in 2001. The party convention held in the same year was the scene of serious controversies. Some members resigned and some were dismissed. In 2002, Ecevit was hospitalized twice. All these were the beginning of a process that ended with the dissolution of the parliament and melting of the party. Some of his confidants and almost half of the DSP MPs resigned from the party and founded the New Turkey Party.

After 2002

Following the November 3 elections in 2002, the DSP failed to pass the national threshold getting only 1.2% of the votes and remained outside Parliament. Shortly after the election defeat, Bülent Ecevit announced that he would step down as party leader and leave active politics. In 2004, Ecevit repeated this statement and named Zeki Sezer, deputy chairman since 2001, as his heir. At the 6th extraordinary party convention on July 25, 2004, Zeki Sezer was elected as the new leader of the party.

In 2007 elections, DSP formed an alliance with Republican People's Party (CHP). CHP won 20.85% of the votes and DSP got 13 seats.


Rahşan Ecevit and Bülent Ecevit are honorary presidents of DSP.

Political view

The term Demokratik Sol is created by Bülent Ecevit in late CHP period, as a mix of social democracy, democratic socialism, secularism and patriotism. The symbol, white dove (Ak Güvercin) was selected to symbolize the pacifism and social accordance.

DSP approves of Turkish adhesion to the European Union, although it criticized the content of the Customs Union.

Election results

  • 1986 Elections: %8.5
  • 1987 Elections: %8.53
  • 1991 Elections: %10.8, 7 seats
  • 1995 Elections: %14.64, 76 seats
  • 1999 Elections: %22.19, 136 seats
  • 2002 Elections: %1.22
  • 2007 Elections: Formed an alliance with CHP. The alliance got 20.85% of the total vote and DSP won 13 seats.

External links

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