is a county
in the U.S. state
. As of the 2000 census
, the population
was 38,520. The county is served by Delta County Airport
, to the southwest of Escanaba, the county seat.
The County was set off in 1843, and organized in 1861. Its name originates from the Greek letter "Delta", which refers to the triangular shape of the original county which included segments of Menominee, Dickinson, Iron, and Marquette counties.. See also
, List of Michigan county name etymologies
, List of Michigan counties
, and List of abolished U.S. counties
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 1,992 square miles
), of which, 1,170 square miles (3,030 km²) of it is land and 822 square miles (2,128 km²) of it is water
. The total area is 41.25% water.
Michigan State Trunklines
Delta County Intercounty Highways
Federal Forest Highways
- Federal Forest Highway 13 (FFH-13)
As of the census
of 2000, there were 38,520 people, 15,836 households, and 10,689 families residing in the county. The population density
was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 19,223 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.83% White
, 0.09% Black
or African American
, 2.21% Native American
, 0.31% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 0.14% from other races
, and 1.39% from two or more races. 0.49% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. 15.7% were of French
, 15.5% German
, 10.9% Swedish
, 10.6% French Canadian
and 5.8% Irish
ancestry. 98.0% spoke English
as their first language.
There were 15,836 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,511, and the median income for a family was $45,079. Males had a median income of $37,057 versus $22,368 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,667. About 7.0% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail
, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts,
keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records
, administers public health
participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county
board of commissioners
controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In
Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street
maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Delta County elected officials
(information as of September 2005)
Cities, village, and townships