(or "Southern") is one of five Zones in the Ethiopian
Region of Tigray
. Debubawi is bordered on the south and west by the Amhara Region
, on the northwest by Mehakelegnaw (Central)
, the north by Misraqawi (Eastern)
and on the east by the Afar Region
. Its highest point is Mount Alage
. Towns and cities in Debubawi include Alamata
, and Mek'ele
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency
in 2005, this zone has an estimated total population of 1,239,988, of whom 610,164 were males and 629,824 were females; 361,252 or 29.1% of its population are urban dwellers. With an estimated area of 9,310.96 square kilometers, Debubawi has an estimated population density of 133.18 people per square kilometer.
According to a May 24, 2004 World Bank memorandum, 15% of the inhabitants of Debubawi have access to electricity, this zone has a road density of 80.2 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers, the average rural household has 0.8 hectare of land (compared to the national average of 1.01 hectare of land and a regional average of 0.51) and the equivalent of 0.9 heads of livestock. 34.5% of the population is in non-farm related jobs, compared to the national average of 25% and a regional average of 28%. 64% of all eligible children are enrolled in primary school, and 24% in secondary schools. 36% of the zone is exposed to malaria, and none to Tsetse fly. The memorandum gave this zone a drought risk rating of 627.