- ''There is also Norwegian region called Dalane.
is a historical province or landskap in central Sweden. A common English name form is Dalecarlia or Dalekarlia. Places involving the element Dalecarlia still exist in the United States.
Dalarna adjoins Härjedalen, Hälsingland, Gästrikland, Västmanland and Värmland. It is also bounded by Norway in the west.
The word "Dalarna" means "the dales" (valleys). It is a region full of historical associations, and possesses strong local characteristics in respect of its products, and especially of its people. In the western districts of Älvdalen and Lima some people in villages speak an old-time dialect, the Dalecarlian language. Historically, the people of Dalecarlia are famous for their sturdy love of independence.
The provinces of Sweden
serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Dalarna
there is a corresponding administrative Dalarna County
which has almost, but not exactly, the same boundaries as the province, except for a part of the north-east (Hamra
parish, also known as Orsa Finnmark
) which is part of Ljusdal Municipality
, Gävleborg County
Arms granted in 1560, the use of two crossed arrows as a symbol precedes this. The province is also a duchy and the arms is represented with a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, two Dalecarlian Arrows Or in saltire point upwards pointed Argent and in chief a Crown of the first." Already in 1525 the arrows were used on a seal. Dalarna County uses the same coat of arms, granted for the then Kopparberg County in 1936.
The geography is distinguished by lake Siljan
in the middle part, and the Västerdal River
and Österdal River
that join into the Dal River
The northern part of the province are within the Scandinavian mountain range, and are mountainous with many lakes. The southern part consists of plains, with several mines, most notably copper, traditionally forming part of Bergslagen.
Highest point is Storvätteshågna with 1,204 meters. Lowest point is at 55 meters, in the south-east part.
Dalarna was historically divided into chartered cities
The cities are since 1971 seats of their respective municipalities.
The province was part of Svealand
before Sweden was consolidated
in the 11th century.
Two historically notorious rebellions started in the Dalarna province: In 1434, led by Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, the miners rose against the oppression of the officers of Eric of Pomerania, and in 1519–1523 it was among the miners that Gustavus Vasa found his staunchest supporters in his revolt against the Kalmar Union under Christian II of Denmark.
Historically, Dalarna has enjoyed a rich and unique folk culture, with distinct music, paintings (often centered on Biblical themes) and handicraft. The province was also the last province to abandon the use of the Runic alphabet, a local dialect of which, the so called Dalecarlian runes or Dalrunes, survived into the 19th century
A famous symbol of the province is the Dalecarlian horse, in Swedish Dalahäst, a painted and decorated wooden horse.
The Vasaloppet, a cross country skiing race over 90 km, is held annually, on the first Sunday of March, between Sälen and Mora, in commemoration of the ski-borne escape of Gustav Vasa, who would later become king Gustav I of Sweden, from the Danish troops in 1520.
The mining area of the Stora Kopparberg ("Great Copper Mountain") in Falun has been named a UNESCO World heritage site.
- Karin Park, singer, songwriter actor, pop star
- Lars Frölander, swimmer
- Jussi Björling, opera singer
- Nils Karlsson, "Mora-Nisse", skier
- Hypocrisy (band), death metal band from Ludvika
- Gunnar Myrdal, politician
- Sabaton (band), power metal band from Falun
- Charlie Norman, pianist
- Björn Skifs, singer, actor
- Katatonia, death metal band from Avesta
- Gunde Svan, skier, "celebrity".
- Hans Werthén, former CEO of Electrolux
- Anders Zorn, artist (painter)
- Gustaf de Laval (1845-1913), inventor and engineer
- Lars "Kuprik" Bäckman, chef; and consequently The Muppets' Swedish Chef
- Mats "Dalmas" Bäckström, Top Shooter
- Jultomten (Santa Claus), fictional figure believed to live in Mora
- Tord Nygren, illustrator of children's books
- Björn Dixgård, musician (Mando Diao)
- Gustaf Norén, musician (Mando Diao)
- Niklas Lidström, ice hockey player (Detroit Red Wings)
Since 1772 , Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.
The Swedish provinces were subdivided into Hundreds of Sweden
, in effect until early 20th century.
In some provinces the sub-dividing was through districts. Dalarna had only one chartered hundred – the others were court districts.