Chronic dacryoadenitis is usually due to noninfectious inflammatory disorders. Examples include sarcoidosis, thyroid eye disease, and orbital pseudotumor.
Dacryoadenitis can be diagnosed by examination of the eyes and lids. Special tests such as a CT scan may be required to search for the cause. Sometimes biopsy will be needed to be sure that a tumor of the lacrimal gland is not present.
If the cause of dacryoadenitis is a viral condition such as mumps, simple rest and warm compresses may be all that is needed. For other causes, the treatment is specific to the causative disease.
Most patients will fully recover from dacryoadenitis. For conditions with more serious causes, such as sarcoidosis, the prognosis is that of the underlying condition.
Studies from Johns Hopkins University, Department of Ophthalmology have provided new data on autoimmune disease.(Report)
Jan 28, 2008; New research, 'Autoimmune Th2-mediated Dacryoadenitis in MRL/MpJ mice becomes Th1-mediated in IL-4 deficient MRL/MpJ...