Definitions

curlew

curlew

[kur-loo]
curlew, common name for large shore birds of both hemispheres, generally brown and buff in color and with decurved bills. There are eight species, belonging to the genus Numenius. The long-billed curlew, N. americanus, its bill almost one third the body length (about 2 ft/61 cm), is now rare in the E United States; it frequents salt marshes, prairies, and tidal creeks in the West. In summer it eats locusts and other injurious insects. The Hudsonian and the nearly extinct Eskimo curlews migrate from arctic breeding grounds to South America. The bristle-thighed curlew summers and nests in Alaska and winters on South Pacific islands, where it feeds on the eggs of other birds. The curlew makes a nonstop flight between breeding grounds. Some of the godwits and ibises are called curlews. Curlews are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Scolopacidae.

Any of eight species (genus Numenius) of shorebirds having a sickle-shaped bill that curves downward at the tip, a streaked, gray or brown body, and a long neck and legs. Curlews breed inland in temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and migrate far south. They eat insects and seeds during migration but feed on worms and fiddler crabs while wintering on marshes and coastal mudflats. The eastern curlew is the largest species (24 in., or 60 cm, long); the common, or Eurasian, curlew, almost as large, is the largest European shorebird. The Eskimo curlew is now virtually extinct.

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Curlew is a city in Palo Alto County, Iowa, United States. The population was 62 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Curlew is located at (42.980293, -94.737480).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 62 people, 30 households, and 17 families residing in the city. The population density was 81.8 people per square mile (31.5/km²). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 47.5/sq mi (18.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 30 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, and 43.3% were non-families. 43.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 27.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 72.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,250, and the median income for a family was $20,417. Males had a median income of $11,250 versus $6,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,788. There were 30.8% of families and 28.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including 72.7% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

References

External links

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