Interaction of adjacent bonds in a chemical compound having alternating single and double covalent bonds. The conjugated bonds show modified characteristics because of increased electron delocalization and sharing. Conjugation occurs, for example, within a molecule containing a chain of carbon atoms linked by alternating single and double bonds. Such a conjugated system often gives rise to substances with intense colours—e.g., the biological pigments called carotenes. Another example is the carboxyl group (see carboxylic acid; functional group), in which the double bond of the carbonyl group (singlehorzbondCdoublehorzbondO) is adjacent to the single bond attaching the hydroxyl group (singlehorzbondOH) to the carbon atom.
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Conjugation may refer to:
In the biosciences:
Conjugation.com, THE ORIGINAL Verb Conjugation Website, Goes Live with Unique Features; 15,000 Verbs Conjugated in All Modes, Affirmative, Interrogative, Negative, in All Persons, Tenses, Voices, and Forms
Apr 14, 2010; Conjugation.com innovates and releases its Conjugation engine TM, available for free to everyone. The...
Linoleic acid conjugation by human intestinal microorganisms is inhibited by glucose and other substrates in vitro and in gnotobiotic rats
Aug 01, 2000; ABSTRACT The anticarcinogen conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a product of bacterial activity that isomerizes linoleic acid (LA)...
Escherichia coli genes affecting recipient ability in plasmid conjugation: Are there any?(Research article)(Report)
Feb 09, 2009; Authors: Daniel Pérez-Mendoza [1,2]; Fernando de la Cruz (corresponding author) BackgroundPlasmids are self-replicating mobile...