Conformism is a term used to describe the suspension of an individual's self-determined actions or opinions in favor of obedience to the mandates or conventions of one's peer-group, or deference to the imposed norms of a supervening authority.
One manifestation of conformism emerges in the practice of "going along and getting along" with people who appear to be more powerful. Conformism holds that individuals and small groups do best by blending in with their surroundings and by doing nothing eccentric or out-of-the-ordinary in any way.
By definition, conformism presents the antithesis both of creativity and of innovative leadership, and hence opposes change and/or Progress itself. Authoritarian institutions (such as military organizations and organized religions) tend to glorify and reinforce conformism within their ranks, as do many large corporations.
One view of innovation stresses the importance of outward or grand-scale conformism. Since open and extreme rebels get incarcerated, according to this theory, effective change may require minor, incremental acts of a non-conforming nature.
Eugene Ionesco's Rhinoceros: defiance vs. conformism / Eugene Ionesco'nun Rhinoceros adli eseri: muhalefet konformizme karsi.(Critical essay)
Mar 22, 2008; Abstract: In Eugene Ionesco's Rhinoceros, Berenger alone manages to resist rhinoceritis by not conforming to the urge to give up...