The United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
- (CSD) - was established in December 1992 by General Assembly
as a functional commission of the UN Economic and Social Council
, implementing a recommendation in Chapter 38
of Agenda 21
, the landmark global agreement reached at the June 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment & Development
/ Earth Summit
held in Rio de Janeiro
CSD 1, the Organizational Session of the CSD was held in June 1993. The Organizational Session focused on a broad range of organizational and administrative issues, reflected in topics of the Commission's documents :
- Budget implications of draft decisions
- Establishing a provisional agenda & a multi-year programme of work
- National reporting on implementation of Agenda 21
- Information exchange: UN System & Donors
- UNCED follow up: international organizations & UN Coordination
- Coordination of development data
- Progress in environmentally sound technology transfer
- Initial financial commitments & flows
- Government information on financial commitments
- Urgent & major emergent issues
- UNCTAD & Agenda 21 implementation
- UNEP & Agenda 21 implementation
- Issues relating to future work of CSD
- Guidelines for national reporting
- Multi-year programme of work
- Financial commitments & financial flows
- Integrating sustainable development in the UN System
In its Fifth Session, the principal focus of the CSD was to prepare for the Five-Year Review of the 1992 Earth Summit, which took the form of the 19th Special Session of the General Assembly, held at UN Headquarters in New York.
For its Tenth Session the CSD served as the Preparatory Committee for the World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg in December 2002.
The Twelfth Session of the CSD is the first substantive session since the Johannesburg Summit - CSD-11 was an organizational session that focused on establishing priorities and an agenda for the second ten-year cycle of the Commission. Text below in "quotes" is from the introductory note from the Chair - H.E. Børge Brende, Norwegian Minister of the Environment to a description of the organization of work during CSD-12
- "The first three days of CSD-12 will serve as the preparatory meeting for the ten-year review of the Barbados Programme of Action (BPoA) for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States.
- The bulk of CSD-12 will focus on water, sanitation and human settlements. "The decision of CSD-11 to focus its first Implementation Cycle on Water, Sanitation and Human Settlements bears testimony to the sense of urgency the international community ascribes to these issues."
- "Today, water-borne diseases kill a person every ten seconds, the overwhelming majority children, and roughly one in two Sub-Saharan Africans and three in five South Asians lack adequate sanitation. The total number of people living in slums is close to 930 million and is growing at an accelerated rate."
- "The CSD-12 Review Session will feature a number of “firsts”. Thematic reviews will feature interactive discussions and will be introduced through keynote presentations, panel discussions and moderated debates. Major Group representatives will join Ministers in interactive dialogues during the High-Level Segment."
The Chair is H.E. Mr. Francis Nhema, Minister of Environment and Tourism (Zimbabwe).