A combat sport
(also known as a combative sport
) is a competitive contact sport
where two combatants fight against each other using certain rules of engagement, typically with the aim of simulating parts of real hand to hand combat
, amateur wrestling
, mixed martial arts
are examples of combat sports.
The techniques used can be categorized into three domains: striking, grappling, and weapon usage. Some rule-sets specialize in one area, while others allow overlap.
Sports related to combat skills have been a part of human culture for thousands of years. The Ancient Olympic Games
were largely composed of sports that tested skills related to combat, such as armored foot races
, chariot racing
amongst others. This tradition of Combat sports was taken even further by the Romans
who would fight with weapons, often to the death.
Through the Middle ages and Renaissance the Tournament became popular, with the Joust as a main event. While the tournament was popular amongst Aristocrats, combative sports where practiced by all levels of society. Folk wrestling exists in many forms and in most cultures.
Today athletes usually fight one-on-one, but may still use various skill sets such as strikes
that only allows punching
are the focus or muay thai
and burmese boxing
that also allow the use of elbows
. There are also grappling
based sports that may concentrate on obtaining a superior position
as in freestyle
or Collegiate wrestling
such as in judo
and greco-roman wrestling
the use of submissions as in brazilian jiu-jitsu
. Modern mixed martial arts
competitions are similar to the historic Greek Olympic sport of pankration
and allow a wide range of both striking and grappling techniques. Puroresu
is a popular combat sport in Japan
and is described as "bridging the gap" between mixed martial arts
and professional wrestling
. The term "puroresu" is a romanization
of the English term "pro wrestling."
Combat sports may also be armed and the athletes compete using weapons, such as types of sword in western fencing (the foil, épée and saber) or kendo (shinai). In escrima sticks are used, sometimes representing knives, this concept has been expanded by the Dog Brothers. American style professional wrestling is based on the concept of combat sports but many of the match outcomes are predetermined.