The Town of Cochecton (its official name) is situated on the Delaware River, directly across from Damascus, Pennsylvania, to which a bridge over the river provides access. The village of Cochecton has a ZIP code of 12726; the ZIP codes for two other communities located within the town's boundaries — Cochecton Center and Lake Huntington — are 12727 and 12752 respectively.
In the original charter of 1664, Cochecton marked the border between New York and New Jersey. After a long dispute - the New York-New Jersey Line War - the final border was set further South, near Port Jervis.
The town once had a station on the Binghamton branch of the Erie Lackawanna Railway, but passenger service on this branch ceased in 1971; the branch has since been taken over by Conrail. More recently, various proposals were made to restore service on the line, but none have yet been adopted.
The correct pronunciation of the town's name is "cuh-SHEK-ton," leading many to mistakenly believe the name is of French origin; the name is in fact derived from "Cushektunk," a local Native American word meaning "low land" (alluding to the town's location in the upper Delaware Valley).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.4 square miles (96.8 km²), of which, 36.7 square miles (94.9 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.95%) is water.
There were 555 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,250, and the median income for a family was $46,875. Males had a median income of $34,583 versus $24,844 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,841. About 5.0% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
The peak population, reached during the 19th Century, was about 3000.