Club Nacional de Football is a traditional Uruguayan sports club, full of history, based in Montevideo and founded in May 14, 1899. Three-time winner of the Copa Libertadores, three-time winner of the Intercontinental Cup.
The club is the result of an alliance between the Uruguay Athletic and Montevideo Football Club. Nacional plays in the Uruguayan First Division. Nacional engages in several sports, but football is by far the most important, a sport in which it has won worldwide recognition.
Nacional plays most home games at its own legendary stadium, the 20,000 capacity Parque Central, built in 1900. However, in the past decades that stadium was not used very often because Nacional played at the national stadium Estadio Centenario, sharing it with Peñarol. High-risk matches and derbies are still played at the Centenario. In 2005, the renovation of Parque Central allowed Nacional to play home matches there more often and now has a capacity of 30,000.
Nacional's stadium, Parque Central, is famous for two reasons. One of them is that the first match ever played in the history of the FIFA World Cup was held in the Parque Central in 1930. The other reason is that in the place where the Parque Central is located was named "Quinta de la Paraguaya" a historic place in Uruguay.
Other official domestic honours (76)
In 1903, Uruguay, fully represented by Nacional's team members (due to the refusal of CURCC -another important club of the early 1900s- to cede their players), beat Argentina 3-2, winning the first international match ever (of national teams) in the history of Uruguayan football (the first club match ever was won by Albion over Argentine team Retiro 3-1 in 1896 in Buenos Aires).
In 1924, Nacional was the club that contributed more players to the Uruguayan team that won the Olympic gold medal in football of that year. The same thing happened with the Uruguayan teams of 1928 and 1930, Olympic and world champions respectively, in which Nacional contributed the majority of players. As a matter of fact, Nacional is the only Uruguayan club that contributed players to every Uruguayan national team that won international tournaments.
Below, the list of Nacional players that were part of Uruguay's Olympic and world champions teams.
|1924 Olympic champions||1928 Olympic champions||1930 FIFA World Cup champions||1950 FIFA World Cup champions|
Nacional won a total of 41 Uruguayan championships.
Nacional won the most Uruguayan championships in the Amateur Era, with a total of 11 league titles.
The club's first championship was won in 1902.
In the Amateur years, Nacional won the Uruguayan championship three times in a row on two occasions: 1915-1916-1917 and 1922-1923-1924.
In the Professional Era, Nacional has won 30 Uruguayan championships.
Between 1939 and 1943, the club won five championships in a row, the first Quinquenio in the history of football in the country. Of the five championships won consecutively, the 1941 triumph is the most remembered by Nacional fans, the team won all twenty matches played (this achievement remains unequaled).
Between 1955 and 1957, Nacional won the championship three times in a row for the third time.
Between 1969 and 1972, Nacional won the championship four times in a row for the first time.
Between 2000 and 2002, Nacional won the championship three times in a row for the fourth time.
In 2005/2006, Nacional won its most recent league title, repeating the championships won in 2005.
Nacional has the record of being unbeaten in 16 derby matches (between 1971 and 1974) and also holds the record of winning ten in a row (between 1939 and 1942).
The leading Derby goalscorer is a Nacional player; the Argentinian Atilio García, with 34 goals.
In the Uruguayan Championship, Nacional won 5 classic finals (specially remembered is the one played for the 1934 Uruguayan championship, in which Nacional won the title with 9 players and Peñarol had 11, in the famous "9 contra 11" (9 versus 11) match).
Recently, Nacional remained unbeaten for 10 derby (from January 2004 to November 2006, more than 1,030 days with no defeats in the derby).
In 1925, Nacional made a European tour, regarded as the most successful one in the history of football. During that tour, Nacional played against professional teams from Europe (still being an amateur club), winning the vast majority of the games.
In 1927, Nacional made an American tour, with similar results to the ones obtained in the European adventure made two years before.
The glory of Nacional was increased with the winning of several championships played in the River Plate region (the most important tournaments played in America before the Libertadores Cup (Copa Libertadores) was created), specially in the first half of the twentieth century. The historical rivalries with longtime enemy Peñarol and famous Argentinian teams like Boca Juniors, C.A. River Plate, Racing Club, Independiente, San Lorenzo, Rosario Central and Newell's Old Boys, among others, collaborated in the building of Nacional's glory with the various championships won in Copa Río de la Plata, de Honor and Competencia.
In the same year, Nacional won its first World Club title, in memorable matches against Panathinaikos from Greece, with the fundamental goals of striker Luis Artime. The World, then, was "three-coloured". Panathinaikos played because the holding champion AFC Ajax refused to play against this team.
After becoming South American Champion, Nacional won the World Club Cup for the second time, defeating European champions Nottingham Forest from England 1 - 0, with goal from forward Waldemar Victorino (in the first time that the World Club Cup was played in Japan).
Nacional won its third Libertadores Cup in 1988, beating Newell´s Old Boys from Argentina 3 - 0 in the Estadio Centenario, with goals from Vargas, De León and Ostolaza.
With this victory against the team coached by Guus Hiddink, Nacional became the only team to win the World Club Cup for three times, unbeaten (achievement that remains unequaled).
In the next year, Nacional won its second Interamerican Cup, this time beating Olimpia de Honduras.
Also in 1989, Nacional won the South American Cup Winner's Cup (Recopa Sudamericana), defeating Racing Club de Avellaneda from Argentina. With this title, Nacional became the team with most official international cups won in the world: 21.
|Nacional's 2008 Lineup|
|Dr. Sebastián Puppo||1899|
|Mr. Jorge A. Ballestero||1900|
|Mr. Bernardino Daglio (h)||1901|
|Mr. Carlos Carve Urioste||1902|
|Mr. Domingo Prat||1903 - 1904|
|Mr. Luis Laventure||1905|
|Dr. José María Reyes Lerena||1906 - 1907|
|Dr. Domingo Prat||1908|
|Dr. Francisco Del Campo||1909|
|Dr. Domingo Prat||1910|
|Dr. José María Delgado||1911 - 1921|
|Mr. Rodolfo Bermúdez||1922 - 1923|
|Mr. Numa Pesquera||1923 - 1925|
|Dr. Ramón Pedro Díaz||1926|
|Mr. Oscar Bottini||1927|
|Dr. Melitón Romero||1928|
|Dr. José María Delgado||1929 - 1932|
|Dr. Atilio Narancio||1933 - 1936|
|Mr. A. Zapicán Falco||1937|
|Dr. Raúl Blengio Salvo||1938|
|Dr. Rodolfo Gorriti||1940 - 1945|
|Mr. Roberto Espil||1946 - 1949|
|Ac. A. Gregorio Baldizán||1950 - 1951|
|Dr. S. De Brum Carbajal||1952 - 1953|
|Dr. Manuel González||1953 - 1954|
|Mr. Roberto Espil||1954|
|Mr. José Añón||1955 - 1961|
|Dr. Eduardo Pons Etcheverry||1962 - 1967|
|Mr. Miguel Restuccia||1968 - 1979|
|Dr. J.M. Alonso Leguisamo||1979 - 1980|
|Mr. Dante Iocco||1980 - 1982|
|Dr. Rodolfo Sienra||1983 - 1985|
|Ac. Mario Garbarino||1986 - 1988|
|Mr. Roberto Recalt||1989 - 1991|
|Mr. Ceferino Rodríguez||1992 - 1997|
|Mr. Dante Iocco||1998 - 2000|
|Ec. Eduardo Ache||2001 - 2006|
|Dr. Víctor Della Valle||2006|
|Dr. Ricardo Alarcón||2006 - ?|
The Spanish word to describe football fans is "hincha".
This worldwide used expression was invented by Nacional fans.
In fact, an employee of Nacional of the early 1900s, called Reyes, was famous for his continuous support to the team. The other fans that attended the games started to name him after one of his duties: pumping air to the balls (in Spanish: "inflar" the balls, in Uruguay: "hinchar" the balls). Within a few games, Reyes was known as the "hincha" of Nacional. This is the origin of a word that is widely used between Spanish speakers throughout the planet. 1. . 2. .