was the name of several women of Roman gens of Claudii
during the 1st century BC
and 1st century
. The Latin pulchra
(meaning 'beautiful') is the root of the English word pulchritude
Wife of Tiberius Gracchus:
, daughter of Appius Claudius Pulcher
, who was consul
of 143 BC
and his wife Antistia. Wife of Tiberius Gracchus
Relatives of Publius Clodius:
Claudia Pulchra was the name of the three daughters of Appius Claudius Pulcher
of 88 BC
, and his wife Caecilia Metella Balearica
. Claudia Prima
and Claudia Secunda
we know little of. The youngest daughter, Claudia Tertia, is better known as Clodia
Pulchra. They were the elder sisters of Publius Clodius Pulcher
Clodia Pulchra, also known simply as Clodia or Claudia, was the daughter of Publius Clodius Pulcher and Fulvia Flacca Bambula (Later married to Mark Antony). Clodia was briefly married to Octavian (later Augustus).
Daughters of Appius Claudius Pulcher (praetor 57 BC):
Claudia Pulchra Major
was the elder daughter of Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 54 BC)
of 57 BC
. She was the first wife of Marcus Junius Brutus
, who was praetor
of 44 BC
and the most famous of Julius Caesar
's assassins. This marriage was very useful to Claudia's father as Brutus was very wealthy and it allied him with the leader of Optimates
, Cato the Younger
, who was Brutus' uncle. When Claudia's father was accused of bribery by Publius Cornelius Dolabella
in 50 BC
, Brutus was part of the faction that helped have him acquitted. In 45 BC
Brutus divorced Claudia, without stating his reasons, in order that he could marry Porcia Catonis
, who was the daughter of Cato and his first cousin. Claudia is not mentioned again.
Claudia Pulchra Minor was the younger daughter of Appius Claudius Pulcher. She was married to Gnaeus Pompeius who was the son of Pompey the Great and his third wife Mucia Tertia. Little is known of her life.
Great-niece of Augustus:
C 1116, 14 BC
) was a patrician woman of Ancient Rome
who lived during the reigns of Emperors Augustus
. She was a daughter of Claudia Marcella
Minor and consul Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus
. Her maternal grandparents were Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor
and Octavia Minor
, sister of Augustus
. Her father, Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus
was a son of consul Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus
and his paternal uncle was Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
. Her father died of unknown causes in 13 BC
and her mother married Roman senator Marcus Valerius Messalla Messallinus
. She was the elder half sister of Marcus Valerius Messalla Barbatus
(who would later become the father of Valeria Messalina
, third wife of Roman Emperor Claudius
She became the second wife of Roman General and Politician Publius Quinctilius Varus. He was the widower of Vipsania Marcella, who was a daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and by his second wife Claudia Marcella Major, niece of Augustus. Pulchra and Varus had a son, a younger Publius Quinctilius Varus. Her husband committed suicide in September 9 during the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, Germania Inferior. She never remarried.
Pulchra was always a close friend to her second cousin Agrippina the Elder. Through her friendship with Agrippina, she became the victim of the intrigues of Sejanus' treason trials in 26. She was accused of to attempted to poison Tiberius, cast magic, immorality and died in exile. Tacitus considered the trial to be an indirect political attack against Agrippina.
Her son became wealthy through the inheritance of both his parents. In 27, however the younger Varus found himself facing accusations of treason and was formally condemned. His trial has been attributed to the increasing distrust of Tiberius towards his environment and the machinations of Sejanus.
- (edd.), Prosopographia Imperii Romani, 3 vol., Berlin, 1897-1898. (PIR1)
- (edd.), Prosopographia Imperii Romani saeculi I, II et III, Berlin, 1933 - . (PIR2)
- Raepsaet-Charlier M.-Th., Prosopographie des femmes de l'ordre sénatorial (Ier-IIe siècles), 2 vol., Louvain, 1987, 633 ff.