Cincinnati

Cincinnati

[sin-suh-nat-ee]
Cincinnati, city (1990 pop. 364,040), seat of Hamilton co., extreme SW Ohio, on the Ohio River opposite Newport and Covington, Ky.; inc. as a city 1819. The third largest city in the state, Cincinnati is the industrial, commercial, and cultural center for an extensive area including numerous suburbs in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. It is also a port with a large riverfront and good transportation facilities. Machinery; consumer goods; transportation, electric, and electronic equipment; musical instruments; metal goods; and packaged meats are among its manufactures; banking and finance also are important. Cincinnati was founded in 1788 as Losantiville; in 1790 Arthur St. Clair, the first governor of the Northwest Territory, renamed it for the Society of Cincinnati, a group of Revolutionary War officers. It was the first seat of the legislature of the Northwest Territory. After the opening of the Ohio and Erie Canal (c.1832), the city developed as a shipper of farm products and meat. Built on and below "seven hills," it became known for its German-influenced cultural life. Corruption, crime, and unrest plagued late-19th-century Cincinnati; a reform movement culminated in the establishment (1924) of the city-manager type of government (notable managers were Clarence A. Dykstra and Clarence O. Sherrill). Disastrous flooding struck the city in 1884 and again in 1937, after which major flood-control projects were undertaken. The Univ. of Cincinnati, Edgecliff College, Xavier Univ., and several other educational and arts institutions are in the city. William Howard Taft and his son Robert A. Taft were born here. Cincinnati's landmarks include the Taft Museum; Eden Park, with the Cincinnati Art Museum; the Cincinnati Museum Center in the former Union Terminal; and the Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art. The city is home to the Cincinnati Reds, the nation's oldest professional baseball team, and the Bengals football team.
Cincinnati, Society of the [Lat. pl. of Cincinnatus], organization formed (1783) by officers of the Continental Army just before their disbanding after the American Revolution. The organization, with a constitution drafted by Gen. Henry Knox, was founded for fraternal, patriotic, and allegedly nonpolitical purposes. George Washington was made president of the national society, and auxiliary state societies were organized. Membership was limited to officers of the Continental Army, certain officers of the French army that assisted the Continentals, and the eldest male descendants of both. The society provoked much opposition among the zealous Republicans of the time, who attacked it as the beginning of an aristocratic military nobility. The Tammany societies of New York, Philadelphia, and other cities were founded partly in opposition to it. Beginning in 1893 a successful revival of many of the defunct state organizations was made, and the society is still active as a patriotic service organization. It has about 3,500 members in one French and 13 U.S. branches (representing the original states).

See W. S. Thomas, The Society of the Cincinnati, 1783-1935 (1935); E. E. Hume, ed., General Washington's Correspondence concerning the Society of the Cincinnati (1941).

Cincinnati, University of, at Cincinnati; coeducational; founded 1819 as Cincinnati College, incorporated 1870 as a municipal university, opened 1873, affiliated with the state university system 1968. The College-Conservatory of Music merged with the university in 1962 and includes the former College of Music (est. 1878) and Conservatory of Music (est. 1867). There is a medical school; Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion is an affiliated school.

Hereditary, military, and patriotic organization formed in 1783 by officers who had served in the American Revolution. The group's aims were to promote union, maintain war-forged friendships, and help members in need. Membership was offered to all officers and their eldest male descendants. George Washington was its first president. The group took its name from the Roman citizen-soldier Cincinnatus. The city of Cincinnati was named in its honour in 1790.

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Hereditary, military, and patriotic organization formed in 1783 by officers who had served in the American Revolution. The group's aims were to promote union, maintain war-forged friendships, and help members in need. Membership was offered to all officers and their eldest male descendants. George Washington was its first president. The group took its name from the Roman citizen-soldier Cincinnatus. The city of Cincinnati was named in its honour in 1790.

Learn more about Cincinnati, Society of the with a free trial on Britannica.com.

City (pop., 2000: 331,285), Ohio, U.S. Situated on the Ohio River across from Kentucky, it was first settled in 1788; the area was renamed in 1790 to honour the Society of the Cincinnati. A river port after 1811, it grew in importance with the opening of the Miami and Erie Canal in 1832. Its manufactures include transportation equipment and building materials, and it is a major inland coal port. A cultural centre, it has an orchestra, opera and ballet companies, and several notable museums. It is the seat of the University of Cincinnati (1819), the birthplace of William Howard Taft (now a national historical site), and the site of the Harriet Beecher Stowe House, where she lived briefly and frequently visited her family during her tenure in the city (1832–50).

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Cincinnati is a city in Appanoose County, Iowa, United States. The population was 428 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Cincinnati is located at (40.630309, -92.923734).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 428 people, 180 households, and 113 families residing in the city. The population density was 245.9 people per square mile (95.0/km²). There were 201 housing units at an average density of 115.5/sq mi (44.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.13% White, 0.23% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 180 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,641, and the median income for a family was $28,250. Males had a median income of $25,556 versus $19,904 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,489. About 11.0% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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