See his autobiography (1987); biographies by K. Reese (1983), B. Pegg (2002), and J. Collis (2003); study by H. A. DeWitt (1985); T. Hackford, dir., Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll, (film documentary, 1987).
See The Portraits Speak: Chuck Close in Conversation with 27 of His Subjects (1998); J. Guare, Chuck Close: Life and Work, 1988-1995 (1996); studies by C. Westerbeck (1989), R. Storr et al. (1998, repr. 2002), and T. Sultan (2003); M. Cajori, dir., Portrait in Progress (documentary film, 1997).
Wagers are placed based on possible combinations that can appear on the three dice. The possible wagers are usually fewer than the wagers that are possible in sic bo and, in that sense, chuck-a-luck can be considered to be a simpler game.
The wagers, and their associated odds, that are typically available are set out in the table below.
|Single Dice Bet||A specific number will appear||1 die, 1 to 1; 2 dice, 2 to 1; 3 dice, 10 to 1 (sometimes 3 to 1)|
|Any Triple (sometimes offered)||Any of the triples (all three dice show the same number) will appear||30 to 1|
|Big (sometimes offered)||The total score will be 11 (sometimes 12) or higher with the exception of a triple||1 to 1|
|Small (sometimes offered)||The total score will be 10 (sometimes 9) or lower with the exception of a triple||1 to 1|
|Field (sometimes offered)||The total score will be outside the range of 8 to 12 (inclusive)||1 to 1|
For example, there are 216 (6 x 6 x 6) possible outcomes for a single throw of three dice. For a specific number:
At odds of 1 to 1, 2 to 1 and 10 to 1 respectively for each of these types of outcome, the expected loss as a percentage of the stake wagered is:
1 - [(75/216) * 2 + (15/216) * 3 + (1/216) * 11] = 4.6%
At worse odds of 1 to 1, 2 to 1 and 3 to 1, the expected loss as a percentage of the stake wagered is:
1 - [(75/216) * 2 + (15/216) * 3 + (1/216) * 4] = 7.9%