The (pronounced [kiˈnɔtto], roughly "key-NAWT-toe") is a small bitter citrus fruit from the chinotto, or "myrtle-leaved" orange tree (Citrus aurantium var. myrtifolia). The tree grows to a height of 3m and can be found in Liguria, Tuscany, Sicily and Calabria regions of Italy. The chinotto is an essential flavor component of most Italian bitter amari digestifs, and of the popular Campari liqueur.
The name chinotto is derived from China, from where the tree was thought to originate.
Chinotto soda dates back to the 1950s, and is produced locally in Italy by different small producers. It is predominantly consumed in Italy and Malta, but recently San Pellegrino, the carbonated water company, has started mass production and export in collaboration with Nestlé, with the brand name "Chinò", and Coca-Cola produces it under the brand name Fanta Chinotto.
The origin of Chinotto are unclear. San Pellegrino claims to have invented Chinotto in 1932, and Neri (Capranica Viterbo) claimed to have made and marketed Chinotto first in 1949. Another famous historical Chinotto brand was Recoaro, which was the best-selling Chinotto in the 1950s.
Chinotto is also fairly common in Italian immigrant communities worldwide. There are local versions of the drink in certain communities, for example the Brio brand of Canada. In Australia, Chinotto is also sold under the Bisleri brand (owned by Coca-Cola Amatil) and is available in most supermarkets and many Italian restaurants.
In Venezuela, a popular lemon-lime soda is sold under the brand Chinotto, also owned by The Coca-Cola Company.
Life Is Sweet ; for More Than 200 Years, a Family-Run Business in Italy Has Been Lovingly Coating, Rolling and Chopping Top-Quality Ingredients to Produce Some of the Finest Confectionery in the World. Skye Gyngell Dropped in for a Sophisticated Sugar Hit. Photographs by Lisa Barber
Dec 10, 2006; The first time I tasted products made by the artisan sweet maker Romanengo, was in April last year at a Slow Food event here at...