The United Kingdom's Children's Charter of 1889 was the first Act of Parliament for the prevention of cruelty to children. It enabled the state to intervene, for the first time, in relations between parents and children. Police could arrest anyone found ill-treating a child, and enter a home if a child was thought to be in danger. The act included guidelines on the employment of children and outlawed begging.
The act is also known as the Prevention of Cruelty to, and Protection of Children Act 1889