) is a local education agency headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina
and is the public school system for Mecklenburg County
. With 132,000 students enrolled, it is the second-largest school district in North Carolina
and the twentieth-largest in the nation. The system is best known nationally for its role as the respondent in the landmark 1971 Supreme Court
decision Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools
The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, or school board
, consists of 9 members--3 at-large and 6 from districts. Before 1995, the board had been elected entirely on an at-large basis, but this was changed after it was discovered nearly all of the board members lived in the eastern part of the county. Members serve staggered four-year terms; the at-large members are elected in the year before presidential elections and the district members are elected in the year after presidential elections. Although school board elections are nonpartisan, the district members are elected from the same districts as the county commissioners
CMS operates 19 high schools
, not including alternative schools or "schools-within-a-school". The following is a list of those high schools, divided by geographical region of Mecklenburg County, along with the year opened and mascot:
University and Northern Mecklenburg
Mint Hill, Matthews, and Eastern Mecklenburg
Pineville and Southern Mecklenburg
Elementary and middle schools
CMS also operates 94 elementary schools
and 32 middle schools
Several CMS high schools have been recognized by Newsweek as being among the 100 best high schools in the United States, a statistic based on the number of advanced classes that are offered to students.
During the 2006-2007 school year CMS students received $43.5 million in academic merit-based financial aid from universities and other organizations, and $12.1 million in athletic scholarships.
Judge Howard Manning
In May 2005, Wake County Superior Court
Judge Howard Manning Jr. issued a ruling in which he accused CMS of "academic genocide" against at-risk, low-income students in low-scoring high schools. Since the debut of its new student assignment plan in 2002, and the end of its court-ordered busing program, CMS has seen an increase in concentrations of poverty, with schools that have student-poverty rates of at least 75 percent at twice the number they were before. In the same year, Judge Manning also threatened to close 4 of the lowest performing high schools, Garinger, Waddell, West Charlotte and West Mecklenburg. Many teachers and parents felt he had gone too far, and, in the end, this never occurred as the 4 high schools presented turnaround plans and their principals were deemed capable of carrying them out. The high schools are now included in a special Achievement Zone.
2005 and 2007 Bond Packages
56% of voters rejected a $427 million bond
package in 2005 to improve facilities and build new schools for the first time in a decade. Dissenters cited spats between members of the school board and other well-publicized events that year hurting their confidence in the district's ability to spend money effectively. A $516 million dollar bond package was backed by 68% of voters in November 2007.
Calls for decentralization mounted in 2005 as dissatisfaction with CMS grew, with some wanting CMS broken up into smaller school systems. One notable incarnation of this movement was called DUMP (Don't Underestimate Mecklenburg Parents) CMS. This effort abated when the Board of Education requested and newly-hired Superintendent Peter Gorman outlined a plan for decentralization, with the stated goal of putting resources and administration closer to parents and other members of the public. Regional offices known as "learning communities", each with an area superintendent, were implemented in the 2007-2008 school year.