The Chandeleur Islands (Les Îles de Chandeleur) are a chain of uninhabited barrier islands approximately long, located in the Gulf of Mexico. They form the easternmost point of the state of Louisiana, USA and are a part of the Breton National Wildlife Refuge. They are an important migrating point for many birds on their way south, and are a prime marsh and forest wildlife area.
Prior to destruction by a hurricane in 1915 there was a fishing settlement on the islands, and even earlier there had been farming on the islands. An old lighthouse built in the 1960s stood as a landmark and recognizable location for pilots flying over the Gulf of Mexico. This lighthouse, and the islands, were constantly eroded and changed by wave action, and most dramatically after the storm surges following hurricanes.
The islands have been generally shrinking and migrating landward since the late 1800s. A survey in the 1980s estimated that they would be in existence for about three more centuries. Before 1996, the seaward front of the islands lost about 20-30 feet of land each year, mostly replaced at the rear. From 1996 to 2004, the loss rate grew to about per year. In 1998, Hurricane Georges destroyed the islands and left the lighthouse in the middle of the ocean, and the barrier islands only just recovered when Hurricane Katrina struck in 2005.
However, the combined effect of Hurricane Dennis and Hurricane Katrina in 2005 reduced the island to shoals or sub-surface formations, and toppled the Chandeleur Island Lighthouse. Powerful storms can produce changes that would otherwise have taken many years. A study released in 2006 by geologists from the University of New Orleans shows that the usual sand and sediment patterns that rebuilt the islands after big storms have not been restored since Katrina reworked the area. There is also evidence of unprecedented landslides on the seafloor on the side toward the Gulf of Mexico, potentially allowing stronger waves with greater erosional impact to reach the islands. If the islands recover, it may take generations. If movements of sand and sediment do not restore the islands, they may be gone in a decade.
GOVERNOR JINDAL AND PLAQUEMINES PARISH OFFICIALS VISIT OILED WILDLIFE REHAB CENTER, FLY OVER CHANDELEUR ISLANDS AND SEE OIL SHEEN AND SHORELINE IMPACT.
May 12, 2010; VENICE -- The following information was released by the office of the governor of Louisiana: Governor Bobby Jindal, Plaquemines...