Definitions

Cessna_195

Cessna 195

The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954.

The 195 model was also used by the United States Air Force, Air National Guard and Army as a light transport and utility aircraft under the designation LC-126.

Development

The Cessna 190 and 195 were Cessna's only postwar radial-engined aircraft. The first prototype flew in 1945, after the end of World War II and both the 190 and 195 entered production in 1947.

The 195 was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum and features a cantilever wing, similar to the pre-war Cessna 165 from which it is derived. The wing planform differs from later Cessna light aircraft in that it has a straight taper from root chord to tip chord and no dihedral. The airfoil employed is a NACA 2412, the same as used on the later Cessna 150, 172 and 182.

The 190/195 fuselages were large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated upfront. The crew and passengers were accommodated on individual seats in the first row with comfortable space between seats with up to three passengers on a bench seat in the second row.

The 190/195 has flat sprung-steel landing gear. Many have been equipped with swiveling cross-wind landing gear which allows landing with up to 15 degrees of crab. While the crosswind gear simplifies landings it makes the aircraft difficult to ground handle. The 195 is equipped with a retractable step that extends when the cabin door is opened, although some have been modified to make the step a fixed unit.

The aircraft was expensive to purchase and operate for private use and Cessna therefore marketed them as mainly as a business aircraft under the name "Businessliner".

The engines fitted to the 190 and 195 became well-known for their oil consumption. The aircraft has a 5 gallon oil tank, with 2 gallons the minimum for flight. Typical oil consumption with steel cylinder barrels is two quarts per hour.

A factory-produced floatplane version was equipped with a triple tail for improved lateral stability. The tail resembles that of the Lockheed Constellation.

Variants

The difference between the 190 and the 195 models was the engine installed.190
Powered by a Continental W670-23 engine of 240 hp (180 kW) and first certified on 1 July 1947.195
Powered by a Jacobs R755-A2 engine of 300 hp (225 kW) and first certified on 12 June 1947.195A
Powered by a Jacobs L-4MB (R-755-9) engine of 245 hp (184 kW) and first certified on 6 January 1950.195B
Powered by a Jacobs R-755B2 engine of 275 hp (206 kW) and first certified on 31 March 1952. It featured flaps increased in area by 50% over earlier models.

LC-126

The LC-126 was the military version of the 300 hp Cessna 195 and could be fitted with skis or floats. 83 LC-126's were delivered, including:

Once made surplus the majority of LC-126s were sold as civil aircraft, once modified by a Cessna civil kit.

Production

Including the LC-126s, a total of 1180 190s and 195s were built.

The 190 was originally introduced at a price of USD$12,750 in 1947. When production ended the price had risen to USD$24,700 for the 195B. This compared to USD$3,495 for the Cessna 140 two seater of the same period.

Performance

The Cessna 195 produces a cruise true airspeed of 148 knots (170 mph, 275 km/h) on a fuel consumption of 16 US gallons per hour.

In comparison, the 50-year newer Cirrus SR22, designed for the same role and also a fixed-gear, single-engine aircraft equipped with a similar output 310 hp (231 kW) engine with an average fuel consumption of 17 gallons per hour, cruises at 185 knots (213 mph, 345 km/h).

In service

The Cessna 190 and 195 are considered "one of the finest classics ever built" by pilots and collectors and are much sought after on the used aircraft market.

In August 2008 the number of 190s and 195s still registered in the USA were:

  • 108 Cessna 190
  • 282 Cessna 195
  • 157 Cessna 195A
  • 136 Cessna 195B

In August 2008 there were three Cessna 190s and 16 Cessna 195s registered in Canada.

Aircraft type club

The 190 and 195 are supported by an active aircraft type club, the International Cessna 195 Club.

Specifications (Cessna 195)

See also

References

Search another word or see Cessna_195on Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature