The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954.
The 195 was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum and features a cantilever wing, similar to the pre-war Cessna 165 from which it is derived. The wing planform differs from later Cessna light aircraft in that it has a straight taper from root chord to tip chord and no dihedral. The airfoil employed is a NACA 2412, the same as used on the later Cessna 150, 172 and 182.
The 190/195 fuselages were large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated upfront. The crew and passengers were accommodated on individual seats in the first row with comfortable space between seats with up to three passengers on a bench seat in the second row.
The 190/195 has flat sprung-steel landing gear. Many have been equipped with swiveling cross-wind landing gear which allows landing with up to 15 degrees of crab. While the crosswind gear simplifies landings it makes the aircraft difficult to ground handle. The 195 is equipped with a retractable step that extends when the cabin door is opened, although some have been modified to make the step a fixed unit.
The aircraft was expensive to purchase and operate for private use and Cessna therefore marketed them as mainly as a business aircraft under the name "Businessliner".
The engines fitted to the 190 and 195 became well-known for their oil consumption. The aircraft has a 5 gallon oil tank, with 2 gallons the minimum for flight. Typical oil consumption with steel cylinder barrels is two quarts per hour.
Once made surplus the majority of LC-126s were sold as civil aircraft, once modified by a Cessna civil kit.
The 190 was originally introduced at a price of USD$12,750 in 1947. When production ended the price had risen to USD$24,700 for the 195B. This compared to USD$3,495 for the Cessna 140 two seater of the same period.
In comparison, the 50-year newer Cirrus SR22, designed for the same role and also a fixed-gear, single-engine aircraft equipped with a similar output 310 hp (231 kW) engine with an average fuel consumption of 17 gallons per hour, cruises at 185 knots (213 mph, 345 km/h).
In August 2008 the number of 190s and 195s still registered in the USA were:
In August 2008 there were three Cessna 190s and 16 Cessna 195s registered in Canada.