A CDIB can show only the blood degree of one tribe or the total blood degree from all tribes in the filer's ancestry. Some tribes require a specific minimum degree of tribal ancestry for membership, which might require the first type of certificate, while some federal benefits programs require a minimum total Indian blood degree so an individual might require the second type of certificate to qualify. For example, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians requires at least 1/16th degree of Eastern Cherokee blood for tribal membership, the Bureau of Indian Affairs' "Higher ED grant" for college expenses requires a 1/4 degree minimum.
A Certificate Degree of Indian Blood does not establish membership in a tribe. Tribal membership is determined by tribal laws and may or may not require a CDIB or may require a separate tribal determination of ancestry or blood degree.
The CDIB is controversial, both from a race politics perspective, in general, and in particular, because non-federally recognized tribes are not eligible for the card nor for the benefits which require one. Some groups such as the Freedman, descendants of black slaves who may be eligible for tribal membership are often not eligible for a CDIB because they are not Indian by blood or their degree of blood was not recorded in the base rolls (where Freedman was used instead of stating a degree).
Gym shoes, maps, and passports, oh my! Creating community or creating chaos at the NMAI?(National Museum of the American Indian)
Jun 22, 2005; For those of you accustomed to a structure that moves from point A to point B to point C, this presentation may be somewhat...