Cassian, John (Johannes Cassianus), 360-435, an Eastern Christian monk and theologian who brought Eastern spirituality to the West. Cassian toured the ascetic monastic settlements of Egypt before he was driven from the East during the controversy over the theology of Origen. He settled at Marseilles (415) and established religious houses for men and for women. He was attacked for Semi-Pelagianism (see Pelagianism), but he was trusted in Rome. His Conferences, a record of his earlier experiences with famous abbots and ascetics in Egypt, and his Institutes, a treatise on monasticism, had a critical influence on Western monasticism, especially in matters of ascetic and mystical life. He wrote against Nestorianism.

See study by O. Chadwick (2d ed. 1968).

Cassian is a town in Oneida County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 962 at the 2000 census.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 68.3 square miles (177.0 km²), of which, 65.0 square miles (168.3 km²) of it is land and 3.4 square miles (8.7 km²) of it (4.92%) is water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 962 people, 402 households, and 322 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.8 people per square mile (5.7/km²). There were 1,011 housing units at an average density of 15.6/sq mi (6.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.31% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.21% of the population.

There were 402 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.4% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 32.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 108.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,844, and the median income for a family was $47,000. Males had a median income of $35,208 versus $23,906 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,794. About 4.1% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.


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