The Casa Pia is a Portuguese institution founded by Mary I, known as "Pia" (Pious, in English), and organized by Police Intendant Pina Manique in 1780, following the social disarray of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. For almost three centuries, thousands of young boys and girls were raised by Casa Pia, including many public personalities, called casapianos. Casa Pia is Portugal's largest educational institution dedicated to helping youngsters in risk of social exclusion or without parental support.
The organisation is composed of ten schools and enrolls approximately 4700 students. In addition to standard schooling, the organisation also provides boarding for children in need. It strives to enable these youngsters to become healthy and successful members of society, by developing intellectual, manual, and physical traits, in an environment promoting spiritual, moral, and religious values. The institution is proud to have had amongst its students many outstanding Portuguese personalities, including politicians, journalists, and artists.
The first location was in Castle of São Jorge of Lisboa, an important center of production for the Portuguese Royal Navy and Army, and also for Vocational education: masters trained at Casa Pia, when returned to their home, instruct others in the same profession. More avanced alumns may advance to professional careers. Next level curse studies at London (for medicine), the Portuguese Royal Navy academy, Rome and the Portuguese Academy.
Two years afther the death of Pina Manrique the Casa Pia closed due to the occupation of Castle of São Jorge by the frech trops of Junot. The school reopened in 1812 at Convento do Desterro, but the government moved the institution to Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon at 1833. At 1942 create a network of homes for children. At this moment is formed by :
And also as complementary services :