Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960 in Malvern, Worcestershire) is an English politician. She is currently a Member of the European Parliament for the South East England region and the leader of the Green Party of England and Wales. She is one of two Green MEPs from the UK (along with Jean Lambert), a post she has held since 1999. She is also the Green Party's prospective parliamentary candidate for the Brighton Pavilion constituency.
She is noted for campaigning and writing on Green economics, localisation, alternatives to globalisation, trade justice, animal welfare and food. In her time as a politician and activist, she has worked with numerous NGOs and think-tanks, including the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), Oxfam and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. She is married with two children.
In 1999, Lucas was first elected as a Member of the European Parliament for the South East England Region with 7.4% of the vote (110,571 votes). She was re-elected in 2004, gaining 173,351 votes (7.9% share). In the European Parliament, she is or has been a member of the Committee for Trade, Industry, Energy and Research, the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy, the Committee on International Trade and the Temporary Committee on Climate Change. In addition, she is or has been Vice President of the Animal Welfare Intergroup, a member of Intergroups on Peace Issues and Consumer Affairs, a member of the Parliament's Delegation to ACP (African Caribbean, and Pacific) Countries and a member of the Delegation for Relations with the Palestinian Legislative Council. As part of her committee work, she was the Parliament's Rapporteur (draftsperson) on a Commission Communication on the impact of air transport on the environment, and the Vice-President of the parliament's Committee of Inquiry into Foot and Mouth.
In 2007, Lucas declared her intention to stand for the Green Party's nomination for the prospective parliamentary candidate in the Brighton Pavilion constituency for the next general election. Brighton Pavilion had seen the highest vote ever for a Green Party candidate when Keith Taylor, a former Green Party Principal Speaker, won 22% of the vote in the 2005 General Election. In a letter to party members, Lucas made it clear that she would only stand if she won the internal party selection election by more than 10%, to avoid internal division. She described the move as "the most difficult decision of my life", due to "personal and family commitments" but also her "loyalty and commitment to Keith Taylor, who is a person and a politician for whom I have great admiration and respect". On 18 July 2007, it was announced that Lucas had been selected by the Brighton Green Party. Lucas won with 55% of the party ballot against Keith Taylor's 45%.
Lucas was a candidate in the Green Party of England and Wales leadership election, 2008. On 5 September she was elected as the party's first ever leader.
Lucas won the award for Politician of the Year 2007 in The Observer Newspaper Ethical Awards, having been shortlisted alongside Gordon Brown and David Cameron. The award was voted for by Observer readers.
In July 2007, Lucas came in eighth place in the New Consumer Magazine Top 100 Ethical Heroes list, behind a number of celebrities including fashion designer Katharine Hamnett (who came 1st), Anita Roddick (Body Shop founder), Al Gore (former US Vice-President who is now a campaigner for action on climate change) and Jonathon Porritt, a former Green Party politician. The list was designed to recognise people who "made the biggest contribution to ethical consumption over the last five years". According to New Consumer magazine, "if you had to trust one person with changing the world you could do worse than rely on Lucas". During the same month, BBC Wildlife magazine named her in their Top 50 Conservationists, which was topped by Prince Charles.
'STRONG GREEN VOICE IS NEEDED' Caroline Lucas Became the UK's First Green Party MP Last Year. on the Eve of the Party's Conference in Cardiff, Political Editor DAVID WILLIAMSON Spoke to the Green Leader about Her Targets in South Wales
Feb 25, 2011; GREEN Party activists from across the UK are in Cardiff today as they make a push to win their first seat in the National...