is a town
in Ontario County
, New York
. The population was 7,649 at the 2000 census. The name is a native word ("Kah-nan-dah-kwe") for "the chosen spot" or "the chosen place."
The Town of Canandaigua borders the City of Canandaigua at the north end of Canandaigua Lake and southeast of Rochester, NY.
The town was first settled around 1789.
Canandaigua officially became a town in 1791.
The first town meeting was held in April of that year and presided over by the first supervisor, Israel Chapin. Initially, there was little distinction made between the community named Canandaigua and the Town of Canandaigua. Then in 1815, the Village of Canandaigua was officially established; it became a city in 1913.
During the steamboat era, from about 1823 to 1935, passenger vessels travelled on the nearby lake.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 62.5 square miles
), of which, 56.8 square miles (147.2 km²) of it is land and 5.7 square miles (14.6 km²) of it (9.04%) is water.
The town is located at the northwest end of Canandaigua Lake, one of the Finger Lakes.
Conjoined US Route 20 and New York State Route 5 cross the north part of the town. New York State Route 21 and New York State Route 332 are an important north-south highways.
Towns and other areas bordering the Town of Canandaigua
to its east, Bristol
to its south, East Bloomfield
to its west, and Farmington
to its north.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 7,649 people, 2,886 households, and 2,132 families residing in the town. The population density
was 134.5 people per square mile (51.9/km²). There were 3,281 housing units at an average density of 57.7/sq mi (22.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.11% White
, 0.73% Black
or African American
, 0.24% Native American
, 0.77% Asian
, 0.27% from other races
, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.07% of the population.
There were 2,886 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $57,978, and the median income for a family was $65,170. Males had a median income of $41,302 versus $28,191 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,586. About 2.3% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Canandaigua
- Academy -- A hamlet at the southern border of the town on NY-21.
- Arsenal Hill -- A hamlet at the western border of the City of Canandaigua.
- Centerfield -- A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on US-20.
- Cheshire -- A hamlet in the south part of the town on NY-21.
- Four Winds Corners -- A location in the northwest part of the town on US-5 and US-20.
- Grange Landing -- A lakeside location in the southeast part of the town.
- Padelford -- A hamlet by the north town line on County Road 8.
- Squaw Island -- An island in the north end of Canandaigua Lake.