Toronto, Ontario: 12,230 Mississauga, Ontario: 9,140 Hamilton, Ontario: 8,170 Calgary, Alberta: 3,690 Vancouver, British Columbia: 2,945 Oakville, Ontario: 2,830 Burnaby, British Columbia: 2,770 Edmonton, Alberta: 2,575 Windsor, Ontario: 2,520 Ottawa, Ontario: 2,505
Statistics Canada also designates Census Metropolitan Areas in the collection of its data. The ten Census Metropolitan Areas with the highest concentration of Croatian-Canadians are:
Toronto CMA: 30,585 Vancouver CMA: 11,225 Hamilton CMA: 9,710 Calgary CMA: 3,900 Kitchener CMA: 3,630 Windsor, Ontario CMA: 3,495 Montreal CMA: 3,270 Edmonton CMA: 3,230 Ottawa-Gatineau CMA: 2,890 London CMA: 2,445
Most Croatian Canadians are Roman Catholic who follow the Latin Rite of their ancestors in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. A very small minority of Croatians are Byzantine Rite Roman Catholics. There is also a community of Croats who follow Islam, the descendants of those who converted after the 16th century, after the conquest of much of Croatia by the Ottomans. Communities of Protestants and Jews have historically been negligeable in Croatia.
In Canada, the first ethnic Croatian parish was established in Windsor in 1950. Soon, parishes were established in Toronto (1951), Hamilton (1958), Vancouver (1967). Today there are ethnic Croatian parishes and missions in seventeen cities in Canada. In addition, Croats of the Muslim faith founded the Croatian Islamic Centre in 1974 in Etobicoke. Today, given changing political affiliations, the centre is now known as the Bosnian Islamic Centre. While an overwhelming percentage of Croatians in Canada remain Roman Catholic, there are significant non-Catholic populations, including Protestants (most of whom have been in Canada for more than one generation) and Eastern Orthodox (the majority of whom are of mixed ethnic background).
The leading religious affiliations among Croatian-Canadians:
Roman Catholic: 77,025 (79.4%) Protestant: 5,870 (6.0%) Eastern Orthodox: 2,745 (2.8%) Christian (not otherwise specified): 1,120 (1.2%) Muslim: 490 (.5%) Other: 330 (.3%) No Religious Affiliation: 9,470 (9.8%)