The Town of Brookhaven
is located in central Suffolk County
, New York
, and stretches from the North Shore
to the South Shore
of Long Island
. Brookhaven is part of the New York metropolitan area
. The population of the town
was 448,248 at the 2000 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 531.5 square miles
), of which 259.3 square miles (671.6 km²) is land and 272.2 square miles (705.1 km² or 51.22%) is water. It is the largest town in New York in terms of total area. Excluding water, however, there are four towns in the state with more land area: Webb
in Herkimer County
, Long Lake
in Hamilton County
in Hamilton County, and Ohio
in Herkimer County.
It has coastline on both the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound. Riverhead and Southampton lie to the east, and Smithtown and Islip lie to the west.
A large part of Fire Island and the Great South Bay are in the town.
It has a large hill, known as "Bald Hill", in the hamlet of Farmingville, which marks where the glacier which formed Long Island stopped. At the top of Bald Hill is a Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
The current Town Supervisor is Brian X. Foley, a Democrat who was elected in 2005, putting to end longtime Republican control of the town.
The first known inhabitants were Algonquian
-speaking Native Americans
, of the Setauket
tribes. The first English settlers arrived in 1655 and purchased land from the inhabitants. Early English settlers farmed, fished, and hunted whales.
The letter "D" on the official seal, associated with the original Dongan patent officially establishing Brookhaven, is a cattle branding letter assigned to Brookhaven in the mid-1600s, along with whaling harpoons.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 448,248 people, 146,828 households, and 112,910 families residing in the town. The population density
was 1,728.8 people per square mile (667.5/km²). There were 155,406 housing units at an average density of 599.4/sq mi (231.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.43% White
, 4.33% Black
or African American
, 0.23% Native American
, 2.90% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 2.21% from other races
, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 8.04% of the population.
There were 146,828 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $73,566, and the median income for a family was $84,705. Males had a median income of $48,601 versus $32,157 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,191. About 3.9% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations
Brookhaven has eight villages
- Belle Terre
- Lake Grove
- Old Field
- Port Jefferson
Brookhaven includes all or part of 52 hamlets
. One of those hamlets is also named Brookhaven.
- Bayberry Dunes
- Bellview Beach
- Coram Hill
- Crystal Brook
- East Yaphank
- Hallock Landing
- Old Mastic
- Poospatuck Reservation
- Rocky Point Landing
- Patchogue Highlands
- Sigfield Park
- South Manor
- South Medford
- South Setauket
- South Yaphank
- Squassux Landing
- Smith Point
- Wading River Landing
- West Yaphank
- Woodhull Landing