The Class 220 Voyager is a class of diesel-electric high-speed multiple-unit trains built by Bombardier Transportation for the British train operating company Virgin Trains, but are now operated by CrossCountry. They are air-conditioned throughout, with powered doors and a top speed of . They were introduced to replace the thirty-year-old High Speed Train and Class 47 fleets. The trains were built between 2000 and 2001 and the first train entered service on 5 June 2001.
The formation of a four car Class 220 Voyager is as follows:
The first class coach has a yellow rectangle on its front coupler to aid identification as a train approaches a station, as the nature of the Cross-Country network means that trains often get turned around. All Voyagers are maintained at the Central Rivers depot near Burton-on-Trent.
The train interiors provide toilets for disabled people and storage facilities for bicycles.
The requirement to tilt means that the bogies are very different in appearance. On the Class 220 the axles are supported by bearings between the wheels and the outside face of the wheel is visible. The bogies of the Class 221 have outside bearings and the wheels are obscured from view by the frames.
When operated by Virgin the two types had differently coloured Virgin 'shield' logos on the nose of the train to aid identification; the Class 220 Voyager had a silver background to the shields and the Class 221 SuperVoyager had red background.
Virgin Trains named all the Class 220 Voyagers after places which they serve or companies which have relations with Virgin Trains. When the Class 220s were transferred to the new operator CrossCountry all the names were removed.
This table shows the names which the Voyagers had under Virgin Trains operation. All Class 220 Voyagers are in CrossCountry livery.
|220 001||Somerset Voyager||220 018||Dorset Voyager|
|220 002||Forth Voyager||220 019||Mersey Voyager|
|220 003||Solent Voyager||220 020||Wessex Voyager|
|220 004||Cumbrian Voyager||220 021||Staffordshire Voyager|
|220 005||Guildford Voyager||220 022||Brighton Voyager|
|220 006||Clyde Voyager||220 023||Mancunian Voyager|
|220 007||Thames Voyager||220 024||Sheffield Voyager|
|220 008||Welsh Dragon||220 025||Severn Voyager|
|220 009||Gatwick Voyager||220 026||Stagecoach Voyager|
|220 010||Ribble Voyager||220 027||Avon Voyager|
|220 011||Tyne Voyager||220 028||Black Country Voyager|
|220 012||Lanarkshire Voyager||220 029||Cornish Voyager|
|220 013||South Wales Voyager||220 030||Devon Voyager|
|220 014||South Yorkshire Voyager||220 031||Tay Voyager|
|220 015||Solway Voyager||220 032||Grampian Voyager|
|220 016||Midland Voyager||220 033||Fife Voyager|
|220 017||BOMBARDIER Voyager||220 034||Yorkshire Voyager|
Many point out that the interior of the Voyager units suffer from much increased noise and vibration when compared to the non-powered Mark 2 and Mark 3 coaching stock they replaced, or compared to electric multiple units, due to the underfloor diesel engines. This might have had the effect of deterring a few passengers.
The profile of the bodyshells is designed to allow clearance for tilting (although the Class 220s do not tilt, they use the same shell as the Class 221), this reduces the interior space, particularly above the waist.
The electric interior doors close on a timer and do not have movement sensors to detect if a passenger happens to be walking through them or not. This often results on doors closing on passengers, unless the 'open' button is pressed again quickly.
Christopher Garnett, former Chief Exectutive of rival operator Great North Eastern Railway considered them "cheap and nasty".
The trains have also been criticised for providing less space for cycle carriage due to the lack of a guard's van, coinciding with increased demand for cycle space by passengers, the current solution being a stricter system of advance cycle reservations being imposed by CrossCountry.
Also, the "smelly toilet" condition in which smells from the toilets plagued the train, which was caused by superheated exhaust fumes passing near to sewage tanks, has been fixed since.
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Cars per Set||Unit nos.|
|Class 220||CrossCountry||34||2002||4||220001 - 220034|